EP Seminar

Observation of the weak time’s arrow in B mesons

by Fernando Martinez-Vidal (IFIC, Universitat de Valencia-CSIC)

Tuesday, 18 December 2012 from to (Europe/Zurich)
at CERN ( 500-1-001 - Main Auditorium )
The mechanism of CP violation in weak interactions, as arising from the single physical phase in the CKM matrix, has been validated by more than a decade of intense experimental work probing CP violation, particularly with studies with B mesons. Since the Standard Model theory is CPT invariant, it predicts a “weak arrow of time” matching the large observed matter-antimatter asymmetry in B mesons. However, until recently there has been no direct observation of the expected, large time reversal (T) asymmetry. In this seminar we shall discuss how the BABAR experiment at SLAC has conducted a new data analysis where the decays of entangled neutral B mesons allow comparisons between the rates of four different transitions and their inverse, as a function of the time evolution of the B meson.  The results lead to the first high significance, direct observation of T non-invariance through the exchange of initial and final states in transitions that can only be connected by a T symmetry transformation.
Video in CDS
Organised by M. Mangano, C. Lourenco, G. Unal......................... **Tea and Coffee will be served at 10h30**
There is a live webcast for this event