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### Description

We consider a muonphilic axion-like-particle (ALP), denoted as $a$, lighter than twice the muon mass. ALPs of this mass range dominantly decay into a pair of photons, induced by a triangular muon loop. Such light muonphilic ALPs are naturally long-lived. At the atmosphere, the ALPs are copiously produced from charged-meson decays in air showers, such as $\pi^\pm \to \mu^\pm \nu a$, via the ALP-muon coupling $g_{a\mu\mu}$. After propagating tens of kilometers, the ALPs decay with $a\to \gamma \gamma$ inside large-volume Cherenkov detectors near the Earth's surface, such as Super-Kamiokande (SK). We find the present SK observation constrains on muonphilic ALPs of mass range [1 MeV, 30 MeV] and ALP-muon coupling $[10^{-3}$, $10^{2}]$, assuming the proper decay length $c\tau_a$ in [$10^{-3}$ km, $10^6$ km] either dependent on or independent of $g_{a\mu\mu}$. We conclude that atmospheric searches of such exotic states can be complementary to collider and beam-dump experiments as well as astrophysical probes.