October 31, 2022 to November 4, 2022
Europe/Zurich timezone

Atmospheric axion-like particles at Super-Kamiokande

Nov 4, 2022, 2:00 PM



Zeren Simon Wang (National Tsing Hua University)


We consider a muonphilic axion-like-particle (ALP), denoted as $a$, lighter than twice the muon mass. ALPs of this mass range dominantly decay into a pair of photons, induced by a triangular muon loop. Such light muonphilic ALPs are naturally long-lived. At the atmosphere, the ALPs are copiously produced from charged-meson decays in air showers, such as $\pi^\pm \to \mu^\pm \nu a$, via the ALP-muon coupling $g_{a\mu\mu}$. After propagating tens of kilometers, the ALPs decay with $a\to \gamma \gamma$ inside large-volume Cherenkov detectors near the Earth's surface, such as Super-Kamiokande (SK). We find the present SK observation constrains on muonphilic ALPs of mass range [1 MeV, 30 MeV] and ALP-muon coupling $[10^{-3}$, $10^{2}]$, assuming the proper decay length $c\tau_a$ in [$10^{-3}$ km, $10^6$ km] either dependent on or independent of $g_{a\mu\mu}$. We conclude that atmospheric searches of such exotic states can be complementary to collider and beam-dump experiments as well as astrophysical probes.

Primary authors

Jui-Lin Kuo Kingman Cheung (National Tsing Hua University (TW)) Dr Po-Yen Tseng (The University of Tokyo, Kavli IPMU) Zeren Simon Wang (National Tsing Hua University)

Presentation materials