May 31, 2023 to June 2, 2023
Europe/Zurich timezone

CR antinuclei predictions and their detectability in the next years

May 31, 2023, 4:50 PM
500/1-001 - Main Auditorium (CERN)

500/1-001 - Main Auditorium


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particle astrophysics (including cosmic rays, neutrinos, nuclear astrophysics) Particle Astrophysics


Pedro De la Torre Luque


The creation of anti-nuclei in the Galaxy has been has been discussed as a possible signal of exotic production mechanisms such as primordial black hole evaporation or dark matter decay/annihilation in addition to the more conventional production from cosmic-ray (CR) interactions. Tentative observations of cosmic-ray antihelium by the AMS-02 collaboration have re-energized the quest to use antinuclei to search for physics beyond the standard model.
In this talk, we show state-of-art predictions of the antinuclei flux from both astrophysical and standard dark matter annihilation models from combined fits to high-precision antiproton data as well as cosmic-ray nuclei measurements (B, Be, Li). Astrophysical sources are capable of producing $\mathcal{O}(1)$ antideuteron events and $\mathcal{O}(0.1)$ anti-helium events over 15~years of AMS-02 observations. Standard dark matter models could potentially produce $\mathcal{O}(1)$ antihelium event, while the production of a larger antihelium flux would require more novel dark matter model building. Finally, we discuss that the annihilation/decay of a QCD-like dark sector could potentially explain the AMS-02 preliminary observations of antihelium-3 and antihelium-4.

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