Conformal field theory 3 ways: integrable, probabilistic, and supersymmetric

Europe/Zurich
SRS

SRS

Hotel Les Sources Chemin du Vernex 9 1865 Les Diablerets Switzerland
Alba Grassi (CERN), Fabrizio Del Monte (University of Sheffield), Harini Desiraju (University of Sydney), Vincent Vargas (UNIGE)
Description

Two dimensional conformal field theories (CFTs) are ubiquitous in mathematical physics and as such provide surprising connections between different areas of research. The past decade has seen a surge of powerful techniques using supersymmetry, integrability, and more recently, random geometry/probability to study different aspects of CFTs. For instance, the task of explicitly computing conformal blocks is crucially important, but often very difficult.


Building a dictionary between such techniques often leads to a web of dualities, which have the potential to translate any result obtained in one of these fields into new nontrivial results in the others. A prime example is that of supersymmetric (SUSY) partition functions. On the one hand, their equivalence to conformal blocks resulted in explicit and elegant expressions for Painlev´e tau-functions. On the other hand their connection to quantum integrable systems has led to solutions for a new class of spectral problems, including the one appearing in black hole perturbation theory. Likewise, a recent connection between CFT and the Gaussian Free Field has led to a rigorous formulation of the 2D Liouville path integral and bounds on the radius of convergence of the corresponding conformal blocks in certain cases. Moreover, Schramm-Loewner evolution and conformal loop ensembles have led to the construction of new CFTs and the link with the conformal blocks is yet to be discovered.


The purpose of this workshop is to bring together young researchers and experts from the three communities mentioned above, to share their techniques and insights, and work towards a unified framework.

Registration
Registration form
Participants
  • Alessandro Tanzini
  • Alexey Litvinov
  • Andrei Negut
  • Baptiste Cerclé
  • Bruno Le Floch
  • Colin Guillarmou
  • Cristoforo Iossa
  • David Ridout
  • Dmitrii Rachenkov
  • Eveliina Peltola
  • Giovanni Felder
  • Guillaume Baverez
  • Iuliia Popova
  • Jesper Jacobsen
  • Joerg Teschner
  • Nivedita Nivedita
  • Oleg Lisovyi
  • Paolo Arnaudo
  • Pavlo Gavrylenko
  • Qianyu Hao
  • Raoul Santachiara
  • Remi Rhodes
  • Romain Usciati
  • Sid Maibach
  • Trishen Gunaratnam
  • +2
    • 9:00 AM 10:00 AM
      Introduction to Liouville field theory - Part 1 1h

      In the the first lecture I will outline the main mathematical features of the bootstrap
      approach to Liouville conformal field theory, assembling the Liouville correlation function
      from holomorphic functions called conformal blocks. The most important properties
      of the conformal blocks will be described. The second lecture will review a construction
      of the conformal blocks using an analytic version of the free field representation. If time
      permits, we will outline how the free field representation can be used to derive the braid
      relations, which can serve as a key ingredient in the bootstrap approach.

      Speaker: Joerg Teschner (DESY)
    • 10:00 AM 10:30 AM
      Coffee break 30m
    • 10:30 AM 11:30 AM
      On the interplay of random curves with CFT and hidden symmetries- Part 1 1h

      I will discuss how random curves appearing in critical models, probability theory, and complex geometry are related to evident and hidden algebraic content in CFT.

      Speaker: Eviliina Peltola
    • 11:35 AM 12:05 PM
      Bicommutant Categories from Conformal Nets, towards constructing fully extended functorial (Segal) chiral CFTs 30m

      Two-dimensional chiral CFTs have three mathematical formulations, namely VOAs, conformal nets and Segal (functorial) CFTs. We are working on the construction of a fully extended 2d chiral functorial field theory given the data of a conformal net. We introduce some ingredients of the target category of Bicommutant Categories (a model for 3-Hilb) as a categorification of the Morita category of von Neumann algebras. We further give equivalent constructions of the category of solitons (solitonic representations of the net) that we assign to a point with a germ of a 1-manifold in the conformal cobordism category. This is a bicommutant category whose Drinfeld center is representations of the net. Further at the level of 1-morphisms, the composition of intervals maps to categorified Connes-Fusion.

      Speaker: Nivedita Nivedita
    • 12:30 PM 1:30 PM
      Lunch 1h
    • 4:00 PM 4:30 PM
      Coffee 30m
    • 4:30 PM 5:30 PM
      AGT correspondence: a 2d CFT valued in 4d QFTs - Part 1 1h

      Starting from a 6d point of view, we will develop the basic dictionary associating 4d N=2 gauge theories to punctured Riemann surfaces, and explain some extensions thereof. As an application, we will explore a rich set of operators (loops, surfaces, walls) that can be added to the story, and how their use led to a conjecture for some braiding kernels in Toda CFT.

      Speaker: Bruno Le Floch
    • 5:30 PM 5:45 PM
      Break 15m
    • 5:45 PM 6:45 PM
      On the interplay of random curves with CFT and hidden symmetries- Part 2 1h

      I will discuss how random curves appearing in critical models, probability theory, and complex geometry are related to evident and hidden algebraic content in CFT.

      Speaker: Eviliina Peltola
    • 6:45 PM 7:15 PM
      Irreducible representations in Liouville CFT 30m

      In the context of the probabilistic construction of Liouville CFT, we prove the irreducibility of highest-weight representations of the Virasoro algebra on the Kac table. Joint with Baojun Wu.

      Speaker: Guillaume Baverez
    • 7:30 PM 9:00 PM
      Dinner 1h 30m
    • 9:00 AM 10:00 AM
      Introduction to Liouville field theory 1h

      In the the first lecture I will outline the main mathematical features of the bootstrap
      approach to Liouville conformal field theory, assembling the Liouville correlation function
      from holomorphic functions called conformal blocks. The most important properties
      of the conformal blocks will be described. The second lecture will review a construction
      of the conformal blocks using an analytic version of the free field representation. If time
      permits, we will outline how the free field representation can be used to derive the braid
      relations, which can serve as a key ingredient in the bootstrap approach.

      Speaker: Joerg Teschner (DESY)
    • 10:00 AM 10:30 AM
      Coffee Break 30m
    • 10:30 AM 11:30 AM
      Probabilistic approach of Liouville theory 1h

      In these lectures, we will review the probabilistic construction of Liouville CFT. We will explain the Segal axioms for CFTs and how they can be implemented in Liouville CFT with the construction of amplitudes. Gluing amplitudes then allows us to identify the Hamiltonian of the Liouville CFT and to provide a representation of the Virasoro algebra in the Hilbert space of Liouville theory. We will explain the diagonalization of the Hamiltonian using the Virasoro representation. Finally we will explain how to combine these concepts to establish the validity of the conformal bootstrap.

      Speaker: Remi Rhodes (Aix-Marseille university)
    • 11:35 AM 12:05 PM
      Convergence of Nekrasov's Instanton Partition Functions 30m

      In this talk, we will study the convergence properties of instanton partition functions in four-dimensional N=2 gauge theory with group U(N), also in the presence of matter in the adjoint or (anti)fundamental representation.
      The main result is that if the considered theory is conformal its instanton function, seen as a power series in the complexified gauge coupling, has a finite radius of convergence, whereas, if the theory is asymptotically free, its instanton function is convergent over the whole complex plane.

      Speaker: Paolo Arnaudo (SISSA)
    • 12:30 PM 1:30 PM
      Lunch 1h
    • 4:30 PM 5:00 PM
      Coffee Gathering 30m
    • 5:00 PM 6:00 PM
      AGT correspondence: a 2d CFT valued in 4d QFTs 1h

      Starting from a 6d point of view, we will develop the basic dictionary associating 4d N=2 gauge theories to punctured Riemann surfaces, and explain some extensions thereof. As an application, we will explore a rich set of operators (loops, surfaces, walls) that can be added to the story, and how their use led to a conjecture for some braiding kernels in Toda CFT.

      Speaker: Bruno Le Floch
    • 6:00 PM 6:15 PM
      Break 15m
    • 6:15 PM 7:15 PM
      Probabilistic approach of Liouville theory 1h

      In these lectures, we will review the probabilistic construction of Liouville CFT. We will explain the Segal axioms for CFTs and how they can be implemented in Liouville CFT with the construction of amplitudes. Gluing amplitudes then allows us to identify the Hamiltonian of the Liouville CFT and to provide a representation of the Virasoro algebra in the Hilbert space of Liouville theory. We will explain the diagonalization of the Hamiltonian using the Virasoro representation. Finally we will explain how to combine these concepts to establish the validity of the conformal bootstrap.

      Speaker: Remi Rhodes (Aix-Marseille university)
    • 7:30 PM 8:30 PM
      Dinner 1h
    • 9:00 AM 10:00 AM
      From Liouville to Painlevé and Heun via CFT/isomonodromy relation 1h

      I will review connections between the problem of construction of linear ordinary differential equations with prescribed monodromy and the 2D conformal field theory. This correspondence leads to a number of conjectures in the theory of Painlevé and Heun equations some of which have already been proven rigorously and some remain open. The two main applications I will focus on are the construction of the general solution of Painlevé VI equation and the computation of accessory parameter and connection formulas for Heun’s equation in terms of Liouville conformal blocks.

      Speaker: Oleg Lisovyi
    • 10:00 AM 10:30 AM
      Coffee break 30m
    • 10:30 AM 11:30 AM
      (Quantum) Painleve’ / gauge theory correspondence and Heun connection problem 1h

      We discuss the relation between Painleve’ equations, supersymmetric gauge theories and Liouville CFT. As an application we show how within this circle of ideas one can solve the connection problem for Heun functions in terms of explicit combinatorial formulae arising from supersymmetric localisation. We also present work in progress on the extension of the correspondence to quantum Painleve’.

      Speaker: Alessandro Tanzini
    • 11:35 AM 12:05 PM
      Limiting distributions of Spherical and Spin O(N) models: Appearance of GFF 30m

      Spherical model is a mathematical model of a ferromagnet introduced by Berlin and Kac in 1952 as a rough but analytically convenient modification of the Ising model. Since its inception it has enjoyed considerable popularity among the mathematicians and physicists as an exactly soluble model exhibiting a phase transition. In this talk we will explain its relation to the Gaussian free field in the infinite volume limit and to the spin O(N) model in the infinite spin dimensionality limit.

      Speaker: Aleksandra Korzhenkova
    • 12:30 PM 1:30 PM
      Lunch 1h
    • 4:30 PM 5:00 PM
      Coffee gathering 30m
    • 6:00 PM 7:00 PM
      From Liouville to Painlevé and Heun via CFT/isomonodromy relation 1h

      I will review connections between the problem of construction of linear ordinary differential equations with prescribed monodromy and the 2D conformal field theory. This correspondence leads to a number of conjectures in the theory of Painlevé and Heun equations some of which have already been proven rigorously and some remain open. The two main applications I will focus on are the construction of the general solution of Painlevé VI equation and the computation of accessory parameter and connection formulas for Heun’s equation in terms of Liouville conformal blocks.

      Speaker: Oleg Lisovyi
    • 7:00 PM 7:30 PM
      Tau function, topological string and spectral theory 30m

      Tau function not only is the essential object in the study of integrable system in mordern mathematics but also plays important role in physics; they correspond to the (chiral) conformal blocks. I will talk about our work on an application of tau function to study the physics, which is to prove a special limit of the conjectured topological string/ spectral theory (TS/ST) correspondence. I will introduce the TS/ST correspondence and the particular scaling limit we are taking. In particular, we focus on $Y^{N,0}$ geometry. Tau function is an important tool we use in the proof. And in turn, the proved duality helps us to obtain the strong coupling expression for the tau function itself.

      Speaker: Qianyu Hao (Universite de Geneve (CH))
    • 9:00 AM 10:00 AM
      Random surfaces and Yang-Mills gauge theory 1h

      Constructing and understanding the basic properties of Euclidean Yang-Mills theory is a fundamental problem in physics. It is also one of the Clay Institute's famous Millennium Prize problems in mathematics. The basic problem is not hard to understand. You can begin by describing a simple random function from a set of lattice edges to a group of matrices. Then you ask whether you can construct/understand a continuum analog of this object in one way or another. In addition to a truly enormous physics literature, this topic has inspired research within many major areas of mathematics: representation theory, random matrix theory, probability theory, differential geometry, stochastic partial differential equations, low-dimensional topology, graph theory and planar-map combinatorics.

      Attempts to understand this problem in the 1970's and 1980's helped inspire the study of "random surfaces" including Liouville quantum gravity surfaces. Various relationships between Yang-Mills theory and random surface theory have been obtained over the years, but many of the most basic questions have remained out of reach. I will discuss our own recent work in this direction, as contained in two long recent papers relating "Wilson loop expectations" (the fundamental objects in Yang-Mills gauge theory) to "sums over spanning surfaces."

      1. Wilson loop expectations as sums over surfaces on the plane (joint with Minjae Park, Joshua Pfeffer, Pu Yu)
      2. Random surfaces and lattice Yang-Mills (joint with Sky Cao, Minjae Park)

      The first paper explains how in 2D (where Yang-Mills theory is more tractable) one can interpret continuum Wilson loop expectations purely in terms of flat surfaces. The second explains a general-dimensional interpretation of the Wilson loop expectations in lattice Yang-Mills theory in terms of discrete-and not-necessarily-flat surfaces, a.k.a. embedded planar maps.

      Speaker: Scott Sheffield
    • 10:00 AM 10:30 AM
      Coffee Break 30m
    • 10:30 AM 11:30 AM
      AGT in algebraic geometry 1h

      The Alday-Gaiotto-Tachikawa correspondence between conformal field theory and 4D gauge theory has a very interesting incarnation in geometric representation theory. Here the objects on the two sides of the correspondence are W-algebras of type gl_r and moduli spaces of rank r sheaves on algebraic surfaces. We prove a q-deformed version of the correspondence, which reveals some higher (more precisely, categorified) structures at play.

      Speaker: Andrei Negut (MIT)
    • 11:35 AM 12:35 PM
      Affine Yangian approach to integrability in 2D CFT 1h

      I will review a recently developed approach to studying integrability in
      CFT based on affine Yangian symmetry. I will focus on the derivation of
      Bethe's ansatz equations for the spectrum of integrals of motion.

      Speaker: Alexey Litvinov (Skoltech)
    • 12:35 PM 1:30 PM
      Lunch 55m
    • 4:45 PM 5:15 PM
      Coffee Gathering 30m
    • 5:15 PM 6:15 PM
      On the anlytical continuation of Liouville field theory path integral 1h
      Speaker: Raoul Santachiara (Paris-Saclay)
    • 6:15 PM 7:15 PM
      A distant descendant of the six-vertex model 1h

      In this talk I present a new solution of the star-triangle relation having positive Boltzmann weights. The solution defines an exactly solvable two-dimensional Ising-type (edge interaction) model of statistical mechanics where the local spin variables'' can take arbitrary integer values, i.e., the number of possible spin states at each site of the lattice is infinite. There is also an equivalentdual'' formulation of the model, where the spins take continuous real values on the circle. From algebraic point of view this model is closely related to the to the 6-vertex model. It is connected with the construction of an intertwiner for two infinite-dimensional representations of the quantum affine algebra $U_q(\widehat{sl}(2))$ without the highest and lowest weights. The partition function of the model in the large lattice limit is calculated by the inversion relation method. Amazingly, it coincides with the partition function of the off-critical 8-vertex free-fermion model. A connection of the model to a surface roughening transition as well as its possible interpretation as a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition is briefly discussed. This talk is based on recent paper with Sergey Sergeev arXiv:2310.08427 .

      Speaker: Vladimir Bazhanov
    • 7:30 PM 8:30 PM
      Dinner 1h
    • 9:00 AM 10:00 AM
      Quantum algebras, wild curves and Painlevé equations 1h
      Speaker: Marta Mazzocco (Birmingham)
    • 10:00 AM 10:30 AM
      Coffee Break 30m
    • 10:30 AM 11:00 AM
      A probabilistic approach to Toda Conformal Field Theories 30m

      Toda Conformal Field Theories form a family of two-dimensional quantum field theories generalizing Liouville theory. One of their features is that they enjoy, in addition to conformal invariance, an enhanced level of symmetry encoded by W-algebras.
      In this talk we describe their mathematical definition and study some of their properties. Namely we will explain how the understanding of its symmetries allows to provide a probabilistic derivation of the Fateev-Litvinov formula for a family of structure constants of the theory. Along with the proof we will shed light on some unexpected connections between a reflection principle in Toda CFTs and its probabilistic counterpart.

      Speaker: Baptiste Cercle (EPFL)
    • 11:15 AM 12:15 PM
      From Segal amplitudes to conformal block 1h

      We shall explain how to construct conformal blocks on Riemann surfaces for Liouville CFT from the probabilistic representation of Segal amplitudes in Liouville theory and the diagonalisation of the Hamiltonian done using analytic methods.
      This is based on several joint works with Baverez, Kupiainen, Rhodes, Vargas.

      Speaker: Colin Guillarmou (Paris Saclay and CNRS)
    • 12:30 PM 1:30 PM
      Lunch 1h