Jun 25 – 29, 2023
Ole-Johan Dahls Hus
Europe/Oslo timezone

P1.68: A low-noise read-out electronics for high energy resolution X-ray strip detectors

Jun 26, 2023, 3:59 PM
Ole-Johan Spiseri (Ole-Johan Dahls Hus)

Ole-Johan Spiseri

Ole-Johan Dahls Hus

Ole Johan Dahls Hus - Oslo Science Park Gaustadalléen 23B, 0373 Oslo


Weronika Zubrzycka


Semiconductor strip sensors are widely applied for X-ray imaging applications such as spectroscopy. X-ray imaging devices are required to provide good position resolution and spectroscopic features, which implies very tight noise level requirements too [1]–[3]. This work presents a design and simulations of the front-end electronics designed to work with 1D silicon strip sensors with a 75 μm pitch and 1 cm length, exhibiting around 1.5 pF capacitance. The detector is DC-coupled to a read-out ASIC built of 16 read-out channels. The detector read-out system is expected to operate with an X-ray energy range from 4 to 10 keV.

The charge processing chain comprises a CSA, a shaping amplifier with a selectable peaking time value, a discriminator, and some supporting circuits. It provides various modes of operation: a continuous read-out with a pole-zero canceling circuit and a mode with digitally-assisted pulsed reset of the charge-sensitive amplifier (CSA) as well as the active baseline restorer. The presented front-end is designed in the CMOS 180 nm process and occupies an area equal to 1525 x 1525 μm. Each channel dissipates the power of around 6 mW and the total noise is below 20 e- rms. In the fast operation mode with a digital reset, the front-end can process the incoming hits at a rate of 50 kps/ch. The analysis of the designed ASIC including reliability and PVT test results will be presented.

[1] P. O’Connor and G. De Geronimo, “Prospects for charge sensitive amplifiers in scaled CMOS,” Nucl. Instruments Methods Phys. Res. Sect. A Accel. Spectrometers, Detect. Assoc. Equip., vol. 480, no. 2–3, pp. 713–725, 2002, doi: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01212-8.
[2] M. Campbell et al., “Towards a new generation of pixel detector readout chips,” J. Instrum., vol. 11, no. 01, p. C01007, 2016, [Online]. Available: http://stacks.iop.org/1748-0221/11/i=01/a=C01007.
[3] P. Wiącek et al., “Position sensitive and energy dispersive x-ray detector based on silicon strip detector technology,” J. Instrum., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. P04002--P04002, 2015, doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/10/04/P04002.

The authors acknowledge funding from the National Science Centre (Research Project 2020/37/N/ST7/01546).

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