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12-18 August 2012
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Dynamical freeze-out in event-by-event hydrodynamics

16 Aug 2012, 16:00
Regency 1/3 and Ambassador ()

Regency 1/3 and Ambassador

Poster Global and collective dynamics Poster Session Reception


Pasi Huovinen (Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität)


In hydrodynamical modeling of the ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions the freeze-out is typically performed at a constant temperature. In this work we introduce a dynamical freeze-out criterion, which compares the hydrodynamical expansion rate with the pion scattering rate [1]. Previous studies [2] have shown that differences between constant temperature and dynamical freeze-out criteria are small in the transverse momentum spectra, but the effect on flow anisotropies has not yet been studied. Recently many calculations have been done using event-by-event hydrodynamics, in which case the expansion rate does not necessarily behave as nicely as in the case of smooth initial conditions. Thus it is interesting to check how the dynamical freeze-out changes hadron distributions with respect to the constant temperature freeze-out. In this contribution we present hadron spectra and elliptic and triangular flow calculated using (2+1)-dimensional ideal hydrodynamics, and show the differences between constant temperature and dynamical freeze-out criteria. First we discuss the systematics of the dynamical freeze-out, and for simplicity these calculations have been performed using smooth initial states. Finally dynamical freeze-out condition is applied to event-by-event calculations to evaluate $v_2$ and $v_3$. We find that the differences caused by different freeze-out criteria are small in all studied cases. [1] C. M. Hung and E. V. Shuryak, Phys. Rev. C 57, 1891 (1998). [2] K. J. Eskola, H. Niemi and P. V. Ruuskanen, Phys. Rev. C 77, 044907 (2008).

Primary author


Pasi Huovinen (Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität)

Presentation Materials