1 GRIDCC Applications and Requirements
The GRIDCC project , sponsored by the European Union under contract number
511381, and launched in September 2004, endeavors to integrate scientific and
general-purpose instruments within the Grid. The motivation is to exploit the Grid
opportunities for secure, collaborative work of distributed teams and to utilize
the Grid’s massive memory and computing resources for the storage and processing of
data generated by scientific equipment. The GRIDCC project focuses its attention on
eight applications, four of which will be fully integrated, tested and deployed on
The PowerGrid will support the remote monitoring and control of thousands of small
power generators; while the Control and Monitoring of HEP experimentsaims to enable
remote control and monitoring of the CMS detector at CERN. The (Far) Remote
Operation of Accelerator Facility is an application for the full operation of a
remote accelerator in Trieste, Italy; and the Grid-based Intrusion Detection System
aims to provide detection and trace-back of flow-based DoS attacks using aggregated
data collected from multiple routers. The other set of relevant applications
includes: meteorology, neurophysiology, handling of device farms for measurements
in telecommunications laboratories, and geophysiology .
The project, by nature, requires the availability of software components that allow
for time-bounded and secure interactions, while operating instrumentation in a
collaborative environment. In addition to the classical request/response Grid
service interaction model, a considerable amount of information needs to be
streamed from the instrument back to the user. The time-bounded interactions,
dictated either by the instrument sensitivity and the accompanying requirement for
careful handling and fast response to extreme conditions, or by the applications
themselves, lead to the need for the establishment of SLAs for QoS or other
guarantees, with support for compensation and rollback. The idea of collaboration
and resource sharing, inherent in the Grid, is also extended and adapted to allow
the share of unique instruments among users who are geographically dispersed, and
who normally would not have access to such – usually rare and/or expensive –
2 GRIDCC and gLite
To cater for the diversity of instruments and the critical nature of the equipment
being handled, the GRIDCC middleware platform relies on Web Service (WS)
technologies, and sustains a Service Level Agreement (SLA) infrastructure,
alongside enforcement of Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees. The GRIDCC middleware
architecture is fully described in .
A number of gLite software components are extremely relevant to the GRIDCC
middleware architecture, which is designed to comprise various novel middleware
components to complement them. Firstly, we plan to perform job scheduling and
bookkeping via the WMS and specifically the WMProxy, and the LBProxy . We also
plan to rely on the Agreement Service for SLA signalling and for triggering
resource-level reservations – this is essential to enforce SLA guarantees. In
addition, we plan to test and possibly extend CREAM, as explained in the following
The WSDL interface, exposed by the gLite WMS, streamlines job submission in a
number of different scenarios: direct invocation by the Virtual Control Room (VCR) -
the GRIDCC portal; direct submission onto preselected CEs via the GRIDCC Workflow
Management System (WfMS); and indirectly, utilising the WMS’s builtin scheduling
capabilities, either as a single submission or part of a workflow . The WfMS and
VCR are described in more detail in Section 3.
Data gathered from IEs need to be stored, in MSS sevices. Consequently, data
storage will be delegated to gLite SEs exposing SRM-compliant interfaces.
VOMS and proxy-renewal services will be used. For authentication and authorization,
it is foreseen to support both X.509 certificates and the Kerberos framework. The
latter will be used when low response times are required.
Finally, for QoS performance monitoring, as it is experienced by GRIDCC users and
services, we require the integration of service monitoring tools and services
providing information about network performance, such as the gLite Network
performance Monitoring framework.
3 GRIDCC Middleware
The gap between GRIDCC’s requirements and gLite’s existing service support, will be
filled by a number of GRIDCC solutions, which leverage the existing gLite
The need for instrument support, necessitated the development of a new grid
component, the Instrument Element (IE). The IE’s naming and design reflect its
similarity to gLite’s SE and CE. The IE provides a Grid interface to a physical
instrument or set of instruments, and should allow the user to control and access
instrument data . To cater for the varied needs of instrumentation, the IE also
has local automated management and storage capacity .
The desire for QoS and SLA support is provided for by the following Execution
Service components. The gLite AS will be extended to establish SLAs with the IE,
and the IE will need to enforce such SLAs. To achieve this, the IE conceptual model
and schema need to be defined in order to publish information about the instrument-
The GRIDCC Workflow Management System (WfMS) provides an interface for users to
submit workflows, which can orchestrate WS calls to underlying services . The
WfMS may also need to choreograph further steps into workflows, such as the SLA
negotiation and logging steps, to facilitate the satisfaction of, possibly complex,
QoS demands from the user . It is also responsible for monitoring running
workflows and responding to workflow events - such as contacting a user if QoS
demands can no longer be satisfied .
The Virtual Control Room (VCR), supports a user Grid portal for the underlying
services, in particular to: request SLAs from the AS; steer and monitor an IE; and
submit workflows to the WfMS . Additionally, the VCR provides a multi-user
collaborative online environment, wherein remote users and support staff, share
control of and troubleshoot IEs .
4 Extending gLite
To fulfill the GRIDCC application requirements, a number of gLite functionality
extensions would be useful for successful middleware integration. Firstly,
information about IEs needs to be made available by the information services.
Secondly, in order to enforce upper-bounded execution times, the reservation of CEs
and IEs needs to be supported. To this end, we will extend the AS, by adding CE and
IE-specific SLA templates. Reservation needs to be triggered and enforced by
elements at the fabric-layer. For this reason, we envisage the addition of a new
operation to the WSDL interface exposed by CREAM, allowing the invocation of
reservation operations. As mentioned above, GRIDCC, needs for QoS to be enforced
at both the single-task and workflow level. The WMS already supports some workflow
functionality; however, the WMS can only process workflows involving job execution
tasks. We foresee the need to merge the functionality of the GRIDCC WfMS with the
gLite WMS, to benefit from the existing WMS capabilities and avoid duplication of
 The GRIDCC Project home page: http://www.gridcc.org.
 The GRIDCC Architecture – Architecture of Services for a Grid Enabled
Remote Instrument Infrastructure (http://www.gridcc.org/getfile.php?id=1382).
 D4.1 Basic Release R1, GRIDCC Project Deliverable GRIDCC-D4.1, May 2005
 Multipurpose Collaborative Environment, GRIDCC Project Deliverable GRIDCC-
D5_2, Sept 2005
 SPECIFIC TARGETED RESEARCH OR INNOVATION PROJECT – Annex I - “Description
of Work”, May 2004 (http://www.gridcc.org)
 EGEE Middleware Architecture and planning, EGEE Project, Deliverable EGEE-
DJRA1.1-594698-v1.0, Jul 2005 (https://edms.cern.ch/document/594698/).