15-20 June 2014
Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne
America/Toronto timezone
Welcome to the 2014 CAP Congress! / Bienvenue au congrès de l'ACP 2014!

Quantifying the Dynamics of Bacterial Colony Expansion: From Individual Cells to Collective Behavior

18 Jun 2014, 14:30
15m
FA-054+5+6 (Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne)

FA-054+5+6

Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne

Sudbury, Ontario
Oral (Student, In Competition) / Orale (Étudiant(e), inscrit à la compétition) Medical and Biological Physics / Physique médicale et biologique (DMBP-DPMB) (W2-9) Molecular Biophysics - DMBP / Biophysique moléculaire - DPMB

Speaker

Ms Erin Shelton (University of Guelph)

Description

Type IV pili (T4P) are very thin (5-8 nm in diameter) protein filaments that can be extended and retracted by certain classes of Gram-negative bacteria including *P. aeruginosa* [1]. These bacteria use T4P to move across viscous interfaces, referred to twitching motility. Twitching can occur for isolated cells or in a collective manner [2]. We have developed experimental and data analysis techniques to quantify the expansion of the bacterial colony. Using a custom-built, temperature and humidity controlled environmental chamber, we have studied the transition from individual to collective motion. We have used optical flow analysis to characterize the evolution of the expanding colonies. We have also incorporated fluorescently tagged, non-motile cells, obtained by knocking out proteins essential for twitching motility, into the colonies to observe their transport as cargo by the motile cells. By measuring the flow of the motile cells while also tracking the motion of the non-motile cargo cells, we have obtained a direct measure of the efficiency of the transport of the cargo cells. [1] Burrows, L.L. (2012) Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 66: 493–520. [2] Semmler, A.B. et al. (1999) Microbiology 145: 2863-2873.

Primary author

Ms Erin Shelton (University of Guelph)

Co-authors

Dr John Dutcher (University of Guelph) Dr Lori Burrows (McMaster University) Mr Matt Kinley (McMaster University) Dr Maximiliano Giuliani (University of Guelph) Mr Robert Moscaritolo (University of Guelph)

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