15-20 June 2014
Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne
America/Toronto timezone
Welcome to the 2014 CAP Congress! / Bienvenue au congrès de l'ACP 2014!

The Haldane-like spin chain in the large anisotropy limit

18 Jun 2014, 09:00
30m
C-204 (Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne)

C-204

Laurentian University / Université Laurentienne

Sudbury, Ontario
Invited Speaker / Conférencier invité Theoretical Physics / Physique théorique (DTP-DPT) (W1-3) Condensed Matter Theory - DTP-DCMMP / Théorie de la matière condensée -DPT-DPMCM

Speaker

Prof. Manu Paranjape (Université de Montréal)

Description

We consider the one dimensional spin chain similar to the one studied by Haldane, however in the opposite limit, of very large anisotropy and small nearest neighbour, anti-ferromagnetic exchange coupling between the spins. The zero order theory has a ground state that is 2^N degenerate, corresponding to each spin in its highest or lowest weight state. For a periodic chain with an even number of sites we show that the ground state is a superposition of the two possible Néel states. We explicitly find the instanton that mediates the tunnelling, within the spin coherent state formalism. With an odd number of spins, the Néel state must necessarily contain a defect. The position of the defect is arbitrary and the set of ground states reorganize into a band, with the ground state given by the linear superposition of the localized defect states. We show that at order 2s in perturbation theory, the localized states mix. In both cases, the ground state does not admit long range order, confirming the result that symmetry break down does not occur in one dimensional systems.

Primary author

Prof. Manu Paranjape (Université de Montréal)

Co-author

Mr Solomon Owerre (Université de Montréal)

Presentation Materials