13-18 December 2015
International Conference Centre Geneva
Europe/Zurich timezone

Presence of a third body orbiting around XB 1916-053.

15 Dec 2015, 16:55
Level 0, Room 3 (International Conference Centre Geneva)

Level 0, Room 3

International Conference Centre Geneva


Prof. Rosario Iaria (Univ. di Palermo - DSFC)


The ultra-compact dipping source XB 1916-053 has an orbital period of close to 50 min and a companion star with a very low mass (less than 0.1 M$_{\odot}$). The known orbital period derivative ($1.5(3) \times 10^{-11}$ s/s) is extremely large and can be explained by invoking an extreme, non-conservative mass transfer rate that is not easily justifiable. We extended the analysed data from 1978 to 2014, by spanning 37 years, to verify whether a larger sample of data can be fitted with a quadratic term or a different scenario has to be considered. The 27 delays associated with the dip arrival times are well fitted using a sinusoidal term plus a quadratic function or, alternatively, with a series of sinusoidal terms that can be associated with a modulation of the dip arrival times due to the presence of a third body that has an elliptical orbit. We infer that for a conservative mass transfer scenario the modulation of the delays can be explained by invoking the presence of a third body with mass between 0.10-0.14 M$_{\odot}$, orbital period around the X-ray binary system of close to 51 yr and an eccentricity of $0.28 \pm 0.15$. In a non-conservative mass transfer scenario we estimate that the fraction of matter yielded by the degenerate companion star and accreted onto the neutron star is $\beta = 0.08$, the neutron star mass is $\ge 2.2$ M$_{\odot}$, and the companion star mass is 0.028 M$_{\odot}$. In this case, we explain the sinusoidal modulation of the delays by invoking the presence of a third body with orbital period of 26 yr and mass of 0.055 M$_{\odot}$. From the analysis of the delays, we find that both in a conservative and non-conservative mass transfer scenario we have to invoke the presence of a third body to explain the observed sinusoidal modulation. We propose that XB 1916-053 forms a hierarchical triple system.

Primary author

Prof. Rosario Iaria (Univ. di Palermo - DSFC)


Dr Alessandro Riggio (Univ. di Cagliari) Dr Andrea Sanna (Univ. di Cagliari) Mr Angelo Francesco Gambino (Univ. di Palermo) Mrs Fabiana Scarano (Univ. di Cagliari) Dr Fabio Pintore (Univ. di Cagliari) Prof. Luciano Burderi (Univ. di Cagliari) Prof. Tiziana Di Salvo (Univ. di Palermo - DSFC) Dr marco matranga (Univ. di Palermo - DSFC)

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