Constraining Transversity and Nucleon Transverse-polarization Structure Through Polarized-proton Collisions at STAR

30 Apr 2015, 12:00
20m
THEATER ()

THEATER

WG6 Spin Physics WG6 Spin Physics

Speaker

Dr James L. Drachenberg (Valparaiso University)

Description

Current knowledge of nucleon transverse-polarization structure comes from measurements of transverse single-spin asymmetries (SSAs) from semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS). These measurements, combined with those of $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions, have allowed the first extraction of transversity with limited constraints at higher values of Bjorken-$x$. One avenue to enrich understanding over a different kinematic range is jet+hadron and di-hadron production from polarized-proton collisions. Through these channels, the STAR detector at RHIC has for the first time observed SSAs due to the effects of transversity coupled to the Collins and interference fragmentation functions (IFFs) in polarized-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ and $500$ GeV. In addition to transversity, the distribution of pions within jets may also provide a window into gluon linear polarization. Furthermore, the comparison of all asymmetry moments at $200$ GeV and $500$ GeV may yield insight into longstanding theoretical questions concerning evolution, universality, and factorization breaking in non-collinear formulations of pQCD. Preliminary results from the jet+hadron and di-hadron analyses at $\sqrt{s}=200$ and $500$ GeV will be presented, including the first observations of transversity effects in polarized-proton collisions and the first-ever measurements offering constraints on models involving gluon linear polarization.

Primary author

Dr James L. Drachenberg (Valparaiso University)

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