June 28, 2015 to July 2, 2015
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort
Etc/GMT-7 timezone

Commissioning and Operational Results of Helium Refrigeration System at JLab for the 12GeV Upgrade

Jul 1, 2015, 11:15 AM
Tucson Ballroom E

Tucson Ballroom E

Contributed Oral Presentation CEC-01 - Large-Scale Refrigeration and Liquefaction C3OrA - Operating Experience I


Peter Knudsen (Jefferson Lab)


The new 4.5 K refrigerator system at the Jefferson Lab (JLab) Central Helium Liquefier (CHL-2) for the 12 GeV upgrade was commissioned in late spring of 2013, following the commissioning of the new compressor system, and has been supporting 12 GeV LINAC commissioning since that time. The six design modes were tested during commissioning, consisting of a maximum capacity condition, nominal capacity, maximum liquefaction, maximum refrigeration, maximum fill and a stand-by/reduced load condition. The maximum capacity was designed to support a 238 g/s 30 K 1.16 bar cold compressor return flow, a 15 g/s 4.5 K liquefaction load and a 12.6 kW 35-55 K shield load. The other modes were selected to ensure proper component sizing and selection to allow the cold box to operate over a wide range of conditions and capacities. The cold box system is comprised of a two cold box sections with a large interconnecting transfer-line. The outside (upper) 300-60 K vertical cold box has no turbines and incorporates a liquid nitrogen pre-cooler. The inside (lower) 60-4.5 K horizontal cold box houses seven turbines that are configured in four expansion stages including one Joule-Thompson expander. The helium compression system has five compressors to support three pressure levels in the cold box. This paper will summarize the analysis of the test data obtained over the wide range of conditions and capacities which were tested.

Primary author

Peter Knudsen (Jefferson Lab)


Mr Jonathan Creel (Jefferson Lab) Kelly Dixon (Jefferson Lab) Dr Rao GANNI (JLAB) Mr Robert Norton (Jefferson Lab)

Presentation materials