July 29, 2015 to August 6, 2015
World Forum
Europe/Amsterdam timezone

Measurement of the cosmic-ray nuclear composition using cherenkov detectors at Mount Chacaltaya

Aug 4, 2015, 4:00 PM
Amazon Foyer (World Forum)

Amazon Foyer

World Forum

Churchillplein 10 2517 JW Den Haag The Netherlands
Board: 220
Poster contribution CR-EX Poster 3 CR


ryoichi katsuya


Cosmic ray nuclear composition has a very important role to reveal the origin of cosmic rays. Especially, composition with energy around knee region must be related to the mechanisms of particle accelerations. In the BASJE (Borivian Air Shower Joint Experiment) group, we constructed new large air shower array at Mount Chacaltaya (5,200m above sea level) to observe air showers with energies above $10^{15}$ eV, and has operated since 2010. In addition, We installed 7 Cherenkov light detectors radially from the center of the air shower array with 50m intervals, and started to measure air shower development by the Cherenkov light emitted from air shower particles. It is known that the longitudinal development of air shower strongly depends on the type of the primary nucleus, and the Cherenkov light emitted from air shower electrons is closely correlated to the air shower longitudinal development. Actually, we performed a Monte-Carlo simulation of Cherenkov light emissions from air showers and found that primary cosmic ray nuclei types can be distinguished by measuring lateral distributions and arrival timings (waveforms) of Cherenkov lights associated with air showers. Since 2012, we have started operation of the Cherenkov detectors along with the air shower array. In this paper, we present the characteristics of the new detectors and preliminary results from the first observation.
Collaboration -- not specified --
Registration number following "ICRC2015-I/" 1008

Primary author


Fumio Kakimoto (Tokyo Institute of Technology) Hisao Tokuno (UTokyo) Nakayama Kesuke (Tokyo Institute of Technology) Norio Tajima (Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)) Shoichi Ogio (Osaka City University) Yoshiki Tsunesada (Tokyo Institute of Technology) Yutaka Matsubara (Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University)

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