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12-16 September 2005
University of Liverpool
Europe/Zurich timezone

Position Sensitive Ge Detectors: From Basic Science to Gamma-ray Imaging in Medicine and Industry

13 Sep 2005, 09:00
30m
University of Liverpool

University of Liverpool

Greenbank Conference Park
Invited Talk X-ray and Gamma-ray Detectors S3 : X-ray and Gamma-ray Detectors

Speaker

Prof. Bo Cederwall (Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden)

Description

High-resolution gamma-ray detectors based on high-purity germanium (HPGe) are one of the key workhorses of experimental nuclear science.The technical developments of such detectors have been dramatic in recent years, from the emergence of large- volume high-granularity electrically segmented HPGe detectors to position sensitivity using pulse-shape analysis and the novel technique of gamma-ray tracking. Gamma-ray tracking takes advantage of the recent technological advances in the electrical segmentation of Ge crystals and high-speed digital electronics. It is now feasible to construct a 4π Ge detector array, consisting of 100 – 200 highly segmented large Ge crystals, that combines high efficiency with high selectivity even for high-multiplicity events. In a tracking array, pulse-shape analysis of the signals from each segment will be used to reconstruct the energies and three- dimensional positions of all gamma-ray interactions in the detector system. This allows the scattering paths of multiple gamma rays from an event to be disentangled. Gamma-ray tracking arrays, which are now being constructed in Europe (AGATA) and in the United States (Gretina), promise an up to three orders of magnitude gain in performance for nuclear spectroscopy and the possibility of a significant advancement of the frontier of nuclear science. The development of position sensitive semiconductor detectors, not only using Ge but also, e.g., CdZnTe have been primarily driven by basic science but are now finding applications in other fields such as in gamma-ray imaging for medicine, industry, environment, public security, nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation, etc. The combination of excellent energy resolution and position resolution make such detectors highly interesting for, e.g., positron emission tomography (PET). Furthermore, gamma-ray tracking enables to build collimator-free Compton imaging instruments that can be used for single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and environmental surveying of gamma-emitting radioactive nuclides. The new features of these detector systems, in particular their excellent energy and position resolution and their resistance to large magnetic fields, will enable new modalities and combinations of (multi-) modalities in medical imaging. Such include the possibility of multi-line spect, and combinations of PET, SPECT and (nuclear) magnetic resonance imaging.

Primary author

Prof. Bo Cederwall (Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden)

Presentation materials