3-8 July 2016
The University of Melbourne
Australia/Melbourne timezone

Constraints on cosmological viscosity from GW150914 observation

7 Jul 2016, 16:50
20m
Carillo Gantner Theatre ()

Carillo Gantner Theatre

Carrillo Gantner Theatre, Sidney Myer Asia Centre The University of Melbourne VIC 3010 Australia
Talk Dark Matter and Particle Astrophysics Dark Matter and Particle Astrophysics

Speaker

Gaurav Goswami (Ahmedabad University)

Description

It has been shown that gravitational waves propagate through ideal fluids without experiencing any dispersion or dissipation. However, if the medium has a non-zero shear viscosity, gravitational waves will be dissipated at a rate proportional to $G \eta$?. We test Dark Matter and Dark Energy models with non-zero shear viscosity by calculating the dissipation of GW150914 which propagates over a distance of 410 Mpc through the dissipative
fluid and comparing the data with the theoretical prediction. We put an upper bound on the shear viscosity of the cosmological fluid as ? < $10^9$ Pa sec which is close to the critical viscosity of fluids at which the viscous pressure becomes significant for the dynamics of the Universe. We show that future observations of gravitational waves at LIGO have the potential of detecting any possible viscosity of Dark Matter and Dark Energy. Finally, we comment on how this could be related to a lower bound on the self-interaction cross-section of Dark Matter.

Primary author

Gaurav Goswami (Ahmedabad University)

Co-authors

Dr A.R. Prasanna (Physical Research Laboratory) Subhendra Mohanty (Physical Research Laboratory)

Presentation Materials