25-29 September 2017
Salamanca, Spain
Europe/Zurich timezone

Possible effect of mixed phase and deconfinement upon spin correlations in the $\Lambda \bar{\Lambda}$ pairs generated in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

26 Sep 2017, 19:00
Auditorium Hall

Auditorium Hall

Poster Hadron decays Poster session


Dr Valery Lyuboshitz (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna )


Spin correlations for the $\Lambda\Lambda$ and
$\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$ pairs, produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, and related angular correlations at the joint registration of space-parity nonconserving hadronic decays
of two hyperons are theoretically analyzed. These correlations give important information about the character and mechanism of multiple processes, and the advantage of the $\Lambda\Lambda$ and $\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$ systems over others is conditioned by the fact that the $P$-odd decays
$\Lambda \rightarrow p + \pi^-, \bar{\Lambda} \rightarrow \bar{p} + \pi^+$ serve as effective analyzers of spin states of the $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ particles. The correlation tensor components can be derived by the method of
"moments" -- as a result of averaging the combinations of trigonometric functions of proton (antiproton) flight angles over the double angular distribution of flight directions for products of two decays. The properties of the "trace" $T$ of the correlation tensor (a sum of 3 diagonal components), which determines the angular correlations as well as the relative fractions of the triplet states and singlet state of respective pairs, are discussed.

In the present report, spin correlations for two
identical particles ( $\Lambda\Lambda$ ) and two non-identical particles ( $\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$ )
are generally considered from the viewpoint of the conventional model of one-particle sources. In the framework of this model, correlations vanish at enough large relative momenta. However, under these conditions ( especially at ultrarelativistic energies ), for two non-identical particles ($\Lambda\bar{\Lambda}$) the two-particle annihilation sources -- quark-antiquark and two-gluon ones -- start playing a noticeable role and lead to the difference of the
correlation tensor from zero. In particular, such a situation may arise, when the system
passes through the "mixed phase" and -- due to the multiple production of free quarks and gluons in the process of deconfinement of hadronic matter -- the number of two-particle sources strongly increases.

Primary authors

Dr Valery Lyuboshitz (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna ) Dr Vladimir Lyuboshitz (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna)

Presentation Materials