Jul 24 – 28, 2017
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Overview on neutrino electromagnetic properties

Jul 24, 2017, 1:00 PM


Contributed talk Neutrinos Neutrino Parallel


Prof. Alexander Studenikin (Moscow State University and JINR-Dubna)


A review of the theory and phenomenology of neutrino electromagnetic properties is presented. A massive neutrino even in the easiest generalization of the Standard Model inevitably has nonzero electromagnetic characteristics, at least nonzero magnetic moment. Although its value, determined by the neutrino mass, is very small, in other BSM theories much larger values of magnetic moments are predicted.

A discussion on a derivation of the general structure of the electromagnetic interactions of Dirac and Majorana neutrinos is given. Then we discuss experimental constraints on neutrino magnetic and electric dipole moments, electric millicharge, charge radius and anapole moments from the terrestrial laboratory experiments. A special credit is done to bounds on neutrino magnetic moments obtained by the reactor (MUNU, TEXONO and GEMMA) and solar (Super-Kamiokande and Borexino) experiments.

A thorough account of electromagnetic interactions of massive neutrinos in the theoretical formulation of low-energy elastic neutrino-electron scattering is discussed on the basis of our recently published paper [2]. The formalism of neutrino charge, magnetic, electric, and anapole form factors defined as matrices in the mass basis with account for three-neutrino mixing is presented.

The effects of neutrino electromagnetic interactions in astrophysical environments are also reviewed. The main manifestation of neutrino electromagnetic interactions, such as: 1) the radiative decay in vacuum, in matter and in a magnetic field, 2) the Cherenkov radiation, 3) the plasmon decay, 4) spin light in matter, 5) spin and spin-flavour precession, 6) neutrino pair production in a strong magnetic field, and the related processes along with their astrophysical phenomenology are also considered.
The best world experimental bounds on neutrino electromagnetic properties are confronted with the predictions of theories beyond the Standard Model. It is shown that studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties provide a powerful tool to probe physics beyond the Standard Model.


[1] C. Guinti and A. Studenikin, “Neutrino electromagnetic interactions: a window to new physics”, Rev. Mod. Phys., V.87, 2015, p. 531-591.

[2] K. Kouzakov, A. Studenikin, “Electromagnetic properties of massive neutrinos in low-energy elastic neutrino-electron scattering”, Phys. Rev. D 95, (2017) 055013 (16 p.).

[3] A. Studenikin, “New bounds on neutrino electric millicharge from limits on neutrino magnetic moment”, Europhys. Lett. 107 (2014) 21001.

[4] A. Studenikin, I. Tokarev, “Millicharged neutrino with anomalous magnetic moment in rotating magnetized matter”, Nucl. Phys. B 884 (2014) 396-407.

[5] K.Kouzakov, A.Studenikin, “Theory of neutrino-atom collisions: the history, present status and BSM physics”, Adv. High Energy Phys. 2014 (2014) 569409 (16 p.).

[6] I.Balantsev, A. Studenikin, “From electromagnetic neutrinos to new electromagnetic radiation mechanism in neutrino fluxes”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A30 (2015) 1530044 (10 p.) .

[7] A. Studenikin, “Neutrinos in electromagnetic fields and moving media”, Phys.Atom.Nucl. 67 (2004) 993-1002, Yad.Fiz. 67 (2004) 1014-1024.

[8] A. Studenikin, “Neutrino in magnetic fields: from the first studies to the new effects in neutrino oscillations”, hep-ph/0407010.

[9] A. Studenikin, Neutrino spin and spin-flavour oscillations in transversally moving or polarized matter, arXiv: 1610.06563.

[10] V.Cirigliano, G.Fuller, A.Vlasenko, “A new spin on neutrino quantum kinetics”, Phys. Lett. B 747, 27 (2015).

[11] C.Volpe, “Theoretical developments in supernova neutrino
physics : mass corrections and pairing correlators”, Int. J. Mod.Phys. E 24, 1,541,009 (2015).

[12] A.Kartavtsev, G.Raffelt and H.Vogel, “Neutrino propagation in media: Flavor, helicity, and pair correlations”, Phys. Rev. D 91, 125020 (2015).

[13] A.Dobrynina, A. Kartavtsev and G. Raffelt, “Helicity oscillations of Dirac and Majorana neutrinos”, Phys. Rev. D 93 (2016) no.12, 125030.

Primary author

Prof. Alexander Studenikin (Moscow State University and JINR-Dubna)

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