Sep 3 – 8, 2017
The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
Europe/London timezone

AGIPD detectors - fast cameras for the experimental stations of the European XFEL

Sep 4, 2017, 2:40 PM
Berill Lecture Theatre (OU)

Berill Lecture Theatre (OU)

The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA


Alexander Klyuev (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron)


AGIPD is an Adaptive Gain Integrating Pixel Detector designed in a collaboration between Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Paul-Scherrer-Institut (PSI) and the Universities of Hamburg and Bonn. It is a hybrid pixel X-ray detector developed for the European XFEL, whose key features will be the high brilliance coherent pulses with a specific bunch structure. 2700 pulses in a bunch-train will be separated by 220 ns from each other with a 99.4 ms between the bunch-trains. One of the aims of the detector is to catch as many consecutive pulses out of the bunch-train as possible. The other important requirement is the dynamic range, starting from single photon sensitivity up to 10^4 12.5 keV photons. In order to the fulfill mentioned requirements a radiation tolerant Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) is designed. Each pixel has a fast charge-sensitive preamplifier, providing the possibility to write the image data into one of 352 random-access analogue memory cells at a 4.5 MHz frequency. The preamplifier uses an adaptive gain technique allowing a reduction of the gain with respect to the input charge and thus extending the dynamic range. Some additional techniques like correlated double-sampling and double-column readout are also used. Over about 10 years of the project more than 5 multi-project wafer and 2 engineering runs were made in order to characterize and improve the ASIC performance and calibration possibilities.

A hybrid module, consisting of a silicon sensor bump bonded to 16 ASICs, has 128x512 pixels 200x200 µm2 each, and is served by back-end electronics. The 1M pixel detector incorporates four quadrants of 4 modules each, operating in vacuum. Two systems will be installed at the SPB and MID experimental stations of the European XFEL. A 4M version for the SFX experimental station is now under development. Assembly, calibration and integration efforts will be presented.

Primary authors

Alexander Klyuev (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron) Dr Aschkan Allahgholi (DESY) Julian Becker (DESY) Annette Delfs Roberto Dinapoli (Paul Scherrer Institut) Peter Goettlicher (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DE)) heinz graafsma Dominic Greiffenberg (PSI - Paul Scherrer Institute) Helmut Hirsemann (DESY) Stefanie Jack (DESY) Hans Krueger (University of Bonn) Sabine Lange (DESY) alessandro marras (DESY) Dr Davide Mezza (PSI) Aldo Mozzanica (PSI - Paul Scherrer Institut) Irina Perova (DESY) Jennifer Poehlsen (Hamburg University (DE)) Qingqing Xia Bernd Schmitt (Paul Scherrer Institut) Joern Schwandt (Hamburg University (DE)) Igor Sheviakov Xintian Shi (Paul Scherrer Institute) Sergey Smoljanin (DESY) Ulrich Trunk (Physikalisches Institut) Jiaguo Zhang (DESY) Manfred Zimmer (DESY)

Presentation materials