15-20 October 2017
CERN
Europe/Zurich timezone

Update on the Negative Ion Based Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER

17 Oct 2017, 16:30
2h 30m
CERN

CERN

Centre international de Conférence Genève (CICG). http://www.cicg.ch/
Poster presentation Ion sources for fusion Poster Session 2

Speaker

Dr Beatrix Schunke (ITER Organization)

Description

The ITER baseline foresees 2 Heating and Current Drive Neutral Beam Injectors, HNB’s, operating at 1 MeV 40 A D$^0$, each capable of delivering 16.5 MW of deuterium ions to the plasma, with a 3rd HNB injector foreseen as an upgrade option that would bring up the total neutral beam power to 50MW [1]. In addition a dedicated Diagnostic Neutral Beam Injector, DNB, will be injecting a modulated 100 keV 60 A of H$^0$ for charge exchange recombination spectroscopy (CXRS) [2]. The R&D effort for the negative ion source for the neutral beam injectors of the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER) is well underway and results and achievements are reported by the collaborating laboratories in many contributions to this conference. This contribution reports the status of the integration of the HNB and the DNB systems into the ITER plant, the adopted design refinements and the new installation strategy.

As the ITER buildings construction is advancing and services are being installed, the interfaces between the different plant systems are frozen. Design improvements have been made to the duct liner however the asymmetric configuration required the preclusion of counter injection. At the preliminary design review of the absolute valve the panel requested a design modification to improve the manufacturability. The sealing solution of the beam line vessels has been reviewed and a double metallic seal solution developed. The magnetic field compensation system has also been reviewed using the construction design of the tokamak building and the manufacturing design of the ITER tokamak magnets.

In 2016 the ITER Council has approved the Overall ITER Project Schedule and – ad referendum – the Overall Project Cost: the schedule foresees First Plasma in 2025, followed by a staged approach to Deuterium / Tritium operation with full fusion power capability foreseen in 2035. Therefore, the Neutral Beam installation scenario has been reviewed and will now be performed in three stages: in the Phase I only captive services pipes will be installed, in Phase II the captive NB components and the power supplies and in Phase III the beam line components and Front-End-Components. This makes the Neutral Beams available on ITER for the pre-Fusion Operation, though currently exploration into possible advancement proposals is ongoing.

References

[1] R. Hemsworth, et. al., Nuclear Fusion, 49 (2009) 045006

[2] A. Chakraborty, et. al., IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 38 (2010) 248

Primary author

Dr Beatrix Schunke (ITER Organization)

Co-authors

Dr Deirdre Boilson (ITER Organization) Mr Lennart Svensson (ITER Organization) Mr Julien Chareyre (ITER organization) Mr Mahesh Kushwah (ITER Organization) Mr Francois Geli (ITER Organization) Mr Joseph Graceffa (ITER Organization) Mr Anass El Ouazzani Tayibi Mr Hans Decamps (ITER Organization) Mr Shah Darshan (ITER Orgnization) Mr Roopesh Gangadharan Nair (ITER Organization) Mr Marc Urbani (ITER Organization) Mr Kevin Roux (ITER Organization)

Presentation materials