10-16 June 2018
Dalhousie University
America/Halifax timezone
Welcome to the 2018 CAP Congress Program website! / Bienvenue au siteweb du programme du Congrès de l'ACP 2018!

High-Precision Half-Life Measurement for the Superallowed $\beta^+$ Emitter $^{22}$Mg (G)*

11 Jun 2018, 14:30
15m
SUB 302 (cap.40) (Dalhousie University)

SUB 302 (cap.40)

Dalhousie University

Oral Competition (Graduate Student) / Compétition orale (Étudiant(e) du 2e ou 3e cycle) Nuclear Physics / Physique nucléaire (DNP-DPN) M2-5 Nuclear Structure I (DNP) | Structure nucléaire (DPN)

Speaker

Michelle Dunlop (University of Guelph)

Description

High precision measurements of the $\mathcal{F}t$ values for superallowed Fermi beta transitions between $J^\pi = 0^+$ and isospin $T=1$ isobaric analogue states allow for stringent tests of the electroweak interaction described by the Standard Model. These transitions provide an experimental probe of the Conserved-Vector-Current hypothesis, the most precise determination of the up-down element of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark-mixing matrix, $V_{ud}$, and set stringent limits on the existence of scalar currents in the weak interaction. In order to use the superallowed decays to perform such tests, however, several theoretical corrections must be applied to the experimental data. In particular, many studies of the isospin symmetry breaking correction, $\delta_C$, have been performed with large model dependent variations. Precise experimental determinations of the $ft$ values can be used to help constrain the different models used in the calculation of $\delta_C$.

The uncertainty in the $^{22}$Mg superallowed $\mathcal{F}t$ value is dominated by the uncertainty in the experimental $ft$ value. Prior to this work, the adopted half-life of $^{22}$Mg was dominated by a single high-precision measurement ($T_{1/2} = 3.8755\pm0.0012$ s [1]) which disagrees with the only other, and less precise, measurement ($T_{1/2} = 3.857\pm0.009$ s [2]) which yielded a $\chi^2/\nu = 4.0$ and resulted in the inflation of the weighted-average half-life by a factor of 2. The discrepancy between these two measurements was addressed through a high-precision half-life measurement for $^{22}$Mg which was carried out at TRIUMF's Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC) facility. This experiment was performed using a 4$\pi$ continuous-flow gas proportional counter to detect the $\beta$ particles with near 100\% efficiency. The result of $T_{1/2} = 3.87400 \pm 0.00079$ s is a factor of 3 more precise than the previously adopted world average and resolves a discrepancy between the two previously published $^{22}$Mg half-life measurements [3]. In this presentation, the new high-precision half-life measurement for $^{22}$Mg and its implications for testing the isospin symmetry breaking corrections in superallowed Fermi $\beta$ decays will be discussed.

[1] J. C. Hardy et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 082501 (2003).
[2] J. C. Hardy et al., Nucl. Phys. A 246, 61 (1975).
[3] M. R. Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. C 96, 045502 (2017).

Primary author

Michelle Dunlop (University of Guelph)

Co-authors

C. Andreoiu (Simon Fraser University) G. C. Ball (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) N. Bernier (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) H. Bidaman (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario ) V. Bildstein (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario ) M. Bowry (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) C. Burbadge Dr R. Caballero-Folch (Triumf) A. Diaz Varela (University of Guelph) R. Dunlop (University of Guelph) A. B. Garnsworthy (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) P. E. Garrett (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario) G. Hackman (TRIUMF) B. Jigmeddorj (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario ) K. G. Leach (Colorado School of Mines) J. R. Leslie (Queen's University) A. D. MacLean (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario) J. Measures (TRIUMF) C. Natzke (Colorado School of Mines) B. Olaizola (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) Y. Saito (Physical Sciences Division, TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia) J. K. Smith (Reed College) C. E. Svensson (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario) J. Turko (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario) T. Zidar (Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario )

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