10-16 June 2018
Dalhousie University
America/Halifax timezone
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Probing the network structure of health deficits in human aging (I)

11 Jun 2018, 17:15
30m
SUB 302 (cap.40) (Dalhousie University)

SUB 302 (cap.40)

Dalhousie University

Invited Speaker / Conférencier(ère) invité(e) Physics in Medicine and Biology / Physique en médecine et en biologie (DPMB-DPMB) M3-1 Stochastic Biology (DPMB) I Biologie stochastique (DPMB)

Speaker

Spencer Farrell (Dalhousie University)

Description

Human aging leads to the stochastic accumulation of damage. We model an aging population using a stochastic network model. Individuals are modeled as a network of interacting nodes, representing health attributes. Nodes in the network stochastically damage and repair, with rates dependent on the state of their neighbors. Damaged nodes represent health deficits. Overall damage in the network is measured with the Frailty Index (FI), a quantitative measure of deficit accumulation used in observational studies of aging to assess health and predict mortality. We use our understanding of the mechanisms of aging in our model to understand observational health data where the mechanisms are unknown. With stochastic simulations and mean-field theory we show how the underlying network structure controls the behaviour of the FI and how damage propagates within the network, leading to individual mortality.

Primary authors

Spencer Farrell (Dalhousie University) Arnold Mitnitski (Dalhousie University) Olga Theou (Dalhousie University) Kenneth Rockwood (Dalhousie University) Andrew Rutenberg (Dalhousie University)

Presentation Materials

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