Jul 22 – 27, 2018
US/Eastern timezone

21-cm Implications for Dark Matter: Introduction

Jul 23, 2018, 2:40 PM


Talk Indirect Detection 1.4 Astrophysics Dynamics


Gregory Ridgway (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)


I will demonstrate how current and future measurements of the global 21-cm signal could provide new constraints on models of p-wave annihilating dark matter (DM), over a broad range of DM masses. 21cm observations are sensitive to the baryon temperature at the end of the cosmic dark ages, and are particularly well-suited to constrain p-wave models, because the energy injection rate from p-wave annihilation increases dramatically around this time due to the formation of large gravitationally bound structures. In addition to the standard cold DM structure formation scenario, we analyze the scenario in which a component of DM obtains a nonzero temperature through its interactions with visible matter. This analysis enables us to set constraints on milli-charged scalar DM, which has been proposed as a possible explanation for the claimed 21cm signal from the EDGES experiment, and more generally to explore the possible relationship between p-wave-annihilating DM and the deep EDGES absorption trough.

Primary authors

Gregory Ridgway (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Tracy Slatyer Hongwan Liu (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Presentation materials