3-12 May 2019
Museum Casa de los Árabes
Cuba timezone
New deadline for the submission of proceedings: November 15, 2019

Exploring the partonic phase at finite chemical potential within an extended off-shell transport approach

7 May 2019, 11:30
30m
Museum Casa de los Árabes

Museum Casa de los Árabes

Ofícios 16, Havana 10100, Old Havana
Talk STARS

Speaker

Elena Bratkovskaya (GSI, Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany)

Description

We extend the Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics (PHSD) transport approach in the partonic sector by explicitly calculating the total and differential partonic scattering cross sections as a function of temperature $T$ and baryon chemical potential $\mu_B$ on the basis of the effective propagators and couplings from the Dynamical QuasiParticle Model (DQPM) that is matched to reproduce the equation of state of the partonic system above the deconfinement temperature $T_c$ from lattice QCD.

The novel transport approach (PHSD5.0) thus incorporates no additional parameters compared to the default version PHSD4.0. We calculate the collisional widths for the partonic degrees of freedom at finite $T$ and $\mu_B$ in the time-like sector and conclude that the quasiparticle limit holds sufficiently well. Furthermore, the ratio of shear viscosity $\eta$ over entropy density $s$, i.e. $\eta/s$, is evaluated using the collisional widths and compared to lQCD calculations for $\mu_B$ = 0 as well. We find that the novel ratio $\eta/s$ does not differ very much from that calculated within the original DQPM on the basis of the Kubo formalism. Furthermore, there is only a very modest change of $\eta/s$ with the baryon chemical $\mu_B$ as a function of the scaled temperature $T/T_c(\mu_B)$. This also holds for a variety of hadronic observables from central A+A collisions in the energy range 5 GeV $\leq\sqrt{s_{NN}} \leq$ 200 GeV when implementing the differential cross sections into the PHSD approach. We only observe small differences in the antibaryon sector (${\bar p}, {\bar \Lambda}+{\bar \Sigma}^0$) at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 17.3 GeV and 200 GeV with practically no sensitivity of rapidity and $p_T$ distributions to the $\mu_B$ dependence of the partonic cross sections. Small variations in the strangeness sector are obtained in all studied collisional systems (A+A and C+Au), however, it will be very hard to extract a robust signal experimentally. Since we find only small traces of a $\mu_B$-dependence in heavy-ion observables - although the effective partonic masses and widths as well as their partonic cross sections clearly depend on $\mu_B$ - this implies that one needs a sizable partonic density and large space-time QGP volume to explore the dynamics in the partonic phase. These conditions are only fulfilled at high bombarding energies where $\mu_B$ is, however, rather low. On the other hand, when decreasing the bombarding energy and thus increasing $\mu_B$, the hadronic phase becomes dominant and accordingly, it will be difficult to extract signals from the partonic dynamics based on "bulk" observables.

Primary authors

Elena Bratkovskaya (GSI, Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) Pierre Moreau (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) Olga Soloveva (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) Lucia Oliva (Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany and GSI, Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany) Song Taesoo (GSI, Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany) Wolfgang Cassing (Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Giessen, Germany)

Presentation Materials