9-13 September 2019
University of Geneva A100 Sciences II
Europe/Zurich timezone

Fragmentation Condition in a Primordial Accretion Disk


Ms Wei-Ting Liao (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)


The accretion disks around Population III (PopIII) stars are known to fragment under fast H$_2$ cooling.
Based on the vertical disk structure, we study the optical depth for H$_2$ line cooling under an accretion disk geometry. With the physically motivated optical depth, we find that cooling in the inner disk with $r < 10 {\rm\ AU}$ is attenuated significantly due to the large surface density. $PdV$ heating becomes more efficient than cooling, which prevents fragmentation in the inner disk. Yet, in the outer disk, cooling becomes dynamical. The fast cooling favors fragmentation. We thus argue that most of the fragments are initially at the outer disk.
In addition, any surviving fragment has to migrate slower than the photo-evaporation process. We found that fragments with $0.01 - 0.05 \, M_\odot$ would survive under Type I migration if disk mass is less than $10 \%$ of the star's mass. For a fragment more massive than $0.1 M_\odot$, a gap would be opened up and migration would slow down. It increases the possibility for fragments encountering and merging with each other. The gravitational interaction between fragments would be crucial for mass growth of fragments, as well as the subsequent disk evolution.

Primary authors

Ms Wei-Ting Liao (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Prof. Matthew Turk (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

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