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Process quality control strategy for the Phase II upgrade of the CMS tracker and endcap calorimeters

Dec 17, 2019, 11:40 AM
Sun: B1F-Meeting rooms#4-6; Mon-Wed: B2F-RAN (International Conference Center Hiroshima)

Sun: B1F-Meeting rooms#4-6; Mon-Wed: B2F-RAN

International Conference Center Hiroshima

Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima-shi
ORAL Technologies Session8


Viktoria Hinger (Austrian Academy of Sciences (AT))


The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will undergo a major upgrade between 2024 and 2026, to increase the collision rate by a factor of about 5 compared to the present. Some existing components of the CMS detector - most notably the Tracker and Endcap Calorimeters - will have to be replaced in order to cope with the conditions of the high luminosity (HL-LHC) era: instantaneous peak luminosity up to $7.5\times10^{34}\,\text{cm}^{-2}\text{s}^{-1}$ and integrated luminosity up to $3000\,\text{fb}^{-1}$ by 2037. Over 50,000 new silicon sensors covering a total area of about $800\,\text{m}^2$ will comprise the CMS tracker and parts of the CMS endcap calorimeters. The quality of the sensors and the production process must be monitored constantly during production time to facilitate stable operation under HL-LHC conditions. This presentation introduces the process quality control strategy for the sensor series production. Each manufacturing wafer contains at least two instances of a set of test structures designed to provide fast and easy access to critical process parameters. These include parameters not directly accessible on the sensors (e.g. oxide charge concentration and interface trap density) and parameters requiring potentially destructive measurements (e.g. dielectric strength). The set is divided into test structures for initial evaluation of the most relevant process parameters and structures for in-depth analysis in case of problems. All structures can be contacted using a 20-needle probe card and an automated positioning stage. With this system, the initial analysis of one wafer is possible in under 30 minutes. We present the finalized layout of the set that will be implemented in the production runs for the CMS outer tracker and the endcap calorimeters, and report on measurements illustrating the functionality of the included test structures.

Submission declaration Original and unpublished

Primary author

Viktoria Hinger (Austrian Academy of Sciences (AT))


Presentation materials