High resolution tracking using 3D sensors with partial electrode depth using Timepix3 electronics

Not scheduled
Sun: B1F-Meeting rooms#4-6; Mon-Wed: B2F-RAN (International Conference Center Hiroshima)

Sun: B1F-Meeting rooms#4-6; Mon-Wed: B2F-RAN

International Conference Center Hiroshima

Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima-shi
ORAL Pixel sensors for tracking Unknown (Virtual block)


Mr Tianqi Gao (University of Manchester)


3D silicon pixel sensors [1] have low drift times due to their electrode geometry. It is assumed that within the given time resolution, the time-of-arrival (ToA) for every pixel of a track created by a particle would be identical, then, the track z-coordinate can be obtained only from the particle impact and end points.

Partial 3D silicon sensors (electrode depth: 230 µm, thickness: 300 µm) [2] bump-bonded to the Timepix3 ASIC (65,536 pixels of 55 x 55 µm^2, ToA binning: 1.5625 ns) [3] were used for this investigation.

The detectors were placed in a 40 GeV/c pion beam and a relativistic mixed ion beam at different incident angles. ToA differences within particle tracks (delta-ToA) were studied.

In the region of the sensor where the n and p electrodes are overlapping and parallel to each other, the measured delta-ToA are indistinguishably short at the detector time resolution. Since the electrodes in the sensors do not fully penetrate the bulk, between electrodes tips and the opposite sensor surfaces, we found that delta-ToA is proportional to the particle interaction depth and the applied bias. Delta-ToA increases up to 300 ns as the particle interaction depth moves from the electrode tip towards the sensor surface, from this we can gain multiple additional z-coordinates information of the particle track. In addition, we found that delta-ToA correlates to the interaction position in the xy plane. A subpixel resolution of lower than 11.33 µm can be achieved when particles impact at an angle, this resolution is being improved upon.

We show with simulated and measured data how the ToA information can be used to improve the tracking resolution. The experimental results were reproduced in a simulation and compared with measurements obtained with planar silicon sensors of the same dimensions.

[1] Da Via, C. et al., NIM A 694, pp.321-330 (2012).
[2] Pellegrini, G. et al., NIM A 699, pp.27-30 (2013).
[3] Poikela, T. et al., JINST 9(05), p.C05013 (2014).

Submission declaration Original and unpublished

Primary authors

Mr Tianqi Gao (University of Manchester) Cinzia Da Via (University of Manchester (GB)) Benedikt Bergmann (Czech Technical Universtity in Prague) Petr Burian (Czech Technical University (CZ)) Stanislav Pospisil (Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Czech Technical University in Prague) Giulio Tiziano Forcolin (Universita degli Studi di Trento è INFN (IT)) Gian Franco Dalla Betta (Universita degli Studi di Trento è INFN (IT))

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