Deep Learning techniques are being studied for different applications by the HEP community: in this talk, we discuss the case of detector simulation. The need for simulated events, expected in the future for LHC experiments and their High Luminosity upgrades, is increasing dramatically and requires new fast simulation solutions. We will describe an R&D activity within CERN openlab, aimed at providing a configurable tool capable of training a neural network to reproduce the detector response and replace standard Monte Carlo simulation. This represents a generic approach in the sense that such a network could be designed and trained to simulate any kind of detector in just a small fraction of time. We will present the first application of three-dimensional convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks to the simulation of high granularity electromagnetic calorimeters.
We have implemented our model using Keras + Tensorflow, and we have tested distributed training using the Horovod framework: performance of the parallelization of GAN training on HPC clusters will be discussed in details.
Results of preliminary runs conducted on the Stampede2 cluster, at TACC, were presented at the SC’18 IXPUG workshop last year and close-to-linear scaling was measured up to 128 nodes. Since then we have further improved performance on single nodes, thus reducing both training and inference time. This results in a 20000x speedup with respect to standard Monte Carlo simulation. A detailed discussion of physics performance at scale will also be discussed