EP-IT Data science seminars

Learning New Physics from a Machine

by Andrea Wulzer (CERN and EPFL)

Europe/Zurich
ZOOM ONLY

ZOOM ONLY

Description

I will describe a strategy to detect data departures from a given reference model, with no prior bias on the nature of the new physics model responsible for the discrepancy. The method employs neural networks, leveraging their virtues as flexible function approximants, but builds its foundations directly on the canonical likelihood-ratio approach to hypothesis testing. The algorithm compares observations with an auxiliary set of reference-distributed events, possibly obtained with a Monte Carlo event generator. It returns a p-value, which measures the compatibility of the reference model with the data. It also identifies the most discrepant phase-space region of the dataset, to be selected for further investigation. Imperfections due to mis-modelling in the reference dataset can be taken into account straightforwardly as nuisance parameters.

After illustrating the methodology, I will demonstrate its applicability to problems at a similar scale of complexity of realistic LHC analyses. 

I will also argue that "model-independent" search strategies like the one discussed in the talk might play a vital role in experimental programs where, like at the LHC, increasingly rich experimental data are accompanied by an increasingly blurred theoretical guidance in their interpretation.

References:

Organized by

M. Girone, M. Elsing, L. Moneta, M. Pierini

Videoconference
EP/IT Data Science Seminar
Zoom Meeting ID
98545267593
Description
EP/IT Data Science seminar
Host
Lorenzo Moneta
Alternative hosts
Maria Girone, Markus Elsing, Maurizio Pierini
Passcode
97200142
Useful links
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Zoom URL