TH String Theory Seminar

Islands Far Outside the Horizon

by Raphael Bousso (UC, Berkeley)

4/3-006 - TH Conference Room (CERN)

4/3-006 - TH Conference Room


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Information located in an entanglement island in semiclassical gravity can be nonperturbatively reconstructed from distant radiation, implying a radical breakdown of effective field theory. We show that this occurs well outside of the black hole stretched horizon. We compute the island associated to large-angular momentum Hawking modes of a four-dimensional Schwarzschild black hole. These modes typically fall back into the black hole but can be extracted to infinity by relativistic strings or, more abstractly, by asymptotic boundary operators constructed using the timelike tube theorem. Remarkably, we find that their island can protrude a distance of order $\sqrt{\ell_p r_{\text{hor}}}$​​ outside the horizon. This is parametrically larger than the Planck scale $\ell_p$ and is comparable to the Bohr radius for supermassive black holes. Therefore, in principle, a distant observer can determine experimentally whether the black hole information paradox is resolved by complementarity, or by a firewall.

String Seminars
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Elena Gianolio
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Shota Komatsu, Kyriakos Papadodimas, Matthew Dodelson, Alexander Zhiboedov, Pascal Pignereau, Thomas Nik Bazl Fard
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