9-13 September 2019
University of Geneva A100 Sciences II
Europe/Zurich timezone

Surviving Pristine Stars and the Implications of their Non-detection Paper Number


Mattis Magg (Universität Heidelberg)


As of now, the initial mass function (IMF) of metal-free stars is one of the key unsolved problems in the early Universe. Of particular interest is whether there are low-mass population III (Pop III) stars that survive until today. To determine how many such stars we should find in the Milky Way, we model Pop III star formation and feedback in the progenitors of Milky Way-like haloes. Assuming a typical top-heavy Pop III IMF that however still allows for such surviving stars, we find that about 4000 surviving metal-free stars should be present in the Milky Way. A simple estimate shows the incompatibility of this prediction with the lack of metal-free stars found during the search for extremely- and ultra-metal-poor stars. Thus, low-mass Pop III stars either have to be polluted by accretion during their life or form much more rarely than initially assumed. In the absence of pollution, constraints on the pristine IMF can be derived.

Primary authors

Mattis Magg (Universität Heidelberg) Prof. Ralf S. Klessen (Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Heidelberg) Simon C. O. Glover (Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Heidelberg) Haining Li (Key Lab of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences)

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