Sep 4 – 9, 2022
Europe/Zurich timezone

Experimental Study of the 30Si(p,γ)31P for understanding elemental anomalies in Globular Clusters

Sep 5, 2022, 5:15 PM
500/1-001 - Main Auditorium (CERN)

500/1-001 - Main Auditorium


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Djamila Sarah HARROUZ (IJCLab France)


Globular clusters are key grounds for models of stellar evolution and early stages of the formation of galaxies. Abundance anomalies observed in the globular cluster NGC 2419, such as the enhancement of potassium and depletion of magnesium [1] can be explained in terms of an earlier generation of stars polluting the presently observed stars [2]. However, the nature and the properties of the polluting sites are still debated. The range of temperatures and densities of the polluting sites depends on the strength of a number of critical thermonuclear reaction rates. The $^{30}$Si($p$,$\gamma$)$^{31}$P reaction is one of the few reactions that have been identified to have an influence for elucidating the nature of polluting sites in NGC 2419 [3]. The uncertainty on the $^{30}$Si($p$,$\gamma$)$^{31}$P reaction rate has a strong impact on the range of possible temperatures and densities of the polluter sites.

Hence, we investigated the $^{30}$Si($p$,$\gamma$)$^{31}$P reaction with the aim to reduce the uncertainties associated to its reaction rates by determining the strength of resonances of astrophysical interest. In this talk, I will present the study of the reaction $^{30}$Si($p$,$\gamma$)$^{31}$P that we performed via the one-proton $^{30}$Si($^{3}$He,$d$)$^{31}$P transfer reaction at the Maier-Leinbnitz-Laboratorium Tandem. Direct measurements, performed using the DRAGON recoil spectrometer at TRIUMF, will be presented as well.
The high resolution Q3D magnetic spectrograph was used to measure the angular distributions of the light reaction products. These angular distributions are interpreted in the DWBA (Distorted Wave Born Approximation) framework to determine the proton spectroscopic factor needed to deduce the proton partial width of the states of interest. For the direct measurements, the \ph recoils are detected in coincidence with the $\gamma$-rays emitted during the proton capture, which allows a direct estimation of the strength of higher energy resonances.
This information was used to calculate the $^{30}$Si($p$,$\gamma$)$^{31}$P reaction rate. The uncertainties on the reaction rate have been significantly reduced, and key remaining uncertainties have been identified [4].

[1] C. Iliadis et al., The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 470, p. 98, Feb. 2016.
[2] R. G. Gratton et al., The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, vol. 20, p. 50, Feb. 2012.
[3] J. R. Dermigny and C. Iliadis, The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 848, p. 14, Oct. 2017.
[4] D.S Harrouz et al., Phys. Rev. C, vol. 105, p. 015805, Jan. 2022.

Primary authors

Djamila Sarah HARROUZ (IJCLab France) Dr Nicolas de Séréville (IJClab) Philip Adsley (Texas A&M University) Fairouz HAMMACHE Dr Richard Longlad Chris Ruiz (TRIUMF & University of Victoria) Matthew Williams (TRIUMF)


Dr Beyhan Bastin Thomas Faestermann Uwe Greif Ralf Hertenberger (Ludwig Maximilians Universitat (DE)) Keerthi Jayamanna (TRIUMF) Spencer Kiy Marco La Cognata (Universita e INFN, Catania (IT)) A. M. Laird (University of York) Livio Lamia (Università di Catania) Anne Meyer Sara Palmerini Rosario Gianluca Pizzone (INFN LNS) Thanassis Psaltis (Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt) Stefano Romano (LNS-INFN & UniCT) Aurora Tumino (Facoltà di Ingegneria ed Architettura, Kore University and INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud) S. Upadhyayula (TRIUMF) H-F. Wirth

Presentation materials