TH String Theory Seminar

Virtual Seminar - "Classifying, Counting and Constraining Gravitational S matrices"

by Shiraz Minwalla (TIFR)

4/3-006 - TH Conference Room (CERN)

4/3-006 - TH Conference Room


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Abstract: We study the space of all kinematically allowed four photon and four graviton S-matrices, polynomial in scattering momenta. We demonstrate that this space is the permutation invariant sector of a module over the ring of polynomials of the Mandelstam invariants s, t and u. We construct these modules for every value of the spacetime dimension D, and so explicitly count and parameterize the most general four photon and four graviton S-matrix at any given derivative order. We also explicitly list the local Lagrangians that give rise to these S-matrices. We then conjecture that the Regge growth of S-matrices in all physically acceptable classical theories is bounded by s 2 at fixed t. A four parameter subset of the polynomial photon S-matrices constructed above satisfies this Regge criterion. For gravitons, on the other hand, no polynomial addition to the Einstein S-matrix obeys this bound for D ≤ 6. For D ≥ 7 there is a single six derivative polynomial Lagrangian consistent with our conjectured Regge growth bound. Our conjecture thus implies that the Einstein four graviton S-matrix does not admit any physically acceptable polynomial modifications for D ≤ 6. We also argue  that every finite sum of pole exchange contributions to four graviton scattering also such violates our conjectured Regge growth bound, at least when D ≤ 6, even when the exchanged particles have low spin

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Virtual seminar by Shiraz Minwalla.
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