12-18 August 2012
US/Eastern timezone

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A QCD-like theory with the Z_{Nc} symmetry

16 Aug 2012, 16:00
2h
Regency 1/3 and Ambassador ()

Regency 1/3 and Ambassador

Poster QCD at finite temperature and density Poster Session Reception

Speaker

Dr Yuji Sakai (RIKEN)

Description

We propose a QCD-like theory with the Z_{Nc} symmetry. The flavor-dependent twisted boundary condition (TBC) is imposed on Nc degenerate flavor quarks in the SU(Nc) gauge theory. The QCD-like theory is useful to understand the mechanism of color confinement. Dynamics of the QCD-like theory is studied by imposing the TBC on the Polyakov-loop extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (PNJL) model. The Z_{Nc} symmetry is preserved below some temperature Tc, but spontaneously broken above Tc. The color confinement below Tc preserves the flavor symmetry. Above Tc, the flavor symmetry is broken, but the breaking is suppressed by the entanglement between the Polyakov loop and the chiral condensate. Particularly at low temperature, dynamics of the TBC model is similar to that of the PNJL model with the standard fermion boundary condition, indicating that the Z_{Nc} symmetry is a good approximate concept in the latter model even if the current quark mass is small. The present prediction can be tested in future by lattice QCD, since the QCD-like theory has no sign problem.

Primary author

Dr Yuji Sakai (RIKEN)

Co-authors

Dr Hiroaki Kouno (Saga University) Prof. Masanobu Yahiro (Kyushu University) Mr Takahiro Sasaki (Kyushu University)

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