# 2015 CAP Congress / Congrès de l'ACP 2015

Jun 13 – 19, 2015
University of Alberta
America/Edmonton timezone
Welcome to the 2015 CAP Congress! / Bienvenue au congrès de l'ACP 2015!

## Probing helium mass flow through a solid-liquid-solid double Junction

Jun 19, 2015, 9:15 AM
15m
CCIS 1-140 (University of Alberta)

### CCIS 1-140

#### University of Alberta

Oral (Non-Student) / orale (non-étudiant) Condensed Matter and Materials Physics / Physique de la matière condensée et matériaux (DCMMP-DPMCM)

### Speaker

Dr Zhigang Cheng (University of Alberta)

### Description

Recent experiments by Hallock and coworkers [1] observed mass transport through solid $^4$He and suggested it was due to flow along dislocation lines. In those measurements, helium was injected and removed through Vycor “electrodes” filled with superfluid $^4$He. Here, we report the results of a related experiment: a Vycor rod filled with superfluid $^4$He is sandwiched between two bulk solid regions. By compressing solid $^4$He on one side and measuring pressure changes on the other, we can detect flow through the Vycor, without necessarily having flow through the solid. In high pressure crystals we saw no flow below 1 K but in samples below 28 bar we observed flow down to the lowest temperatures (below 20 mK). The temperature dependence of this flow was very similar to that of the flow seen in previous experiments [1]: it began around 600 mK, increased as the temperature was reduced, then decreased dramatically at a temperature which depended on $^3$He impurity concentration (around 75 mK for standard isotopic purity samples). We suggest that flow in solid $^4$He experiments is limited by mass transfer through the solid-liquid interface at the Vycor ends. This project is funded by NSERC Canada and by ERC (AdG 247258-SUPERSOLID). [1] Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 145301 (2010); Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 035302 (2014).

### Primary author

Dr Zhigang Cheng (University of Alberta)

### Co-authors

Dr Andrew Fefferman (Laboratoire de Physique Statistique de l’ENS) Dr Fabien Souris (Laboratoire de Physique Statistique de l’ENS) Dr John Beamish (University of Alberta) Dr Sebastien Balibar (Laboratoire de Physique Statistique de l’ENS)

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