Feb 15 – 19, 2016
Vienna University of Technology
Europe/Vienna timezone

Ultra-cold neutron detector for the spectrometer of the neutron lifetime measurement

Not scheduled
15m
Vienna University of Technology

Vienna University of Technology

Gusshausstraße 27-29, 1040 Wien
Board: 94
Poster Miscellaneous

Speaker

Dr Dmitriy ILYIN (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), St. Petersburg State University)

Description

The gas-filled detector of ultra cold neutrons (UCN) has been constructed for the spectrometer of the neutron lifetime measurements (PF2/MAM, ILL, France). It is intended for UCN flux monitoring in measurement cycles. The detector consists of six proportional counters which are grouped into two independent counting channels and placed in the single gas volume. The entrance window (Ø 290 mm) has been made of aluminum foil with a thickness of 100 μm to ensure minimum UCN losses. The force acting on the foil at working conditions is about 660 kg. Therefore, the special stainless steel grid has been placed in front of the foil to support it from the neutron guide side (vacuum). The gas mixture is selected to minimize the "wall effect" and to achieve UCN efficiency ε ≥ 80%. The final composition of the gas mixture has been optimized during detector tests under the real experiment conditions (background and UCN spectrum) at ILL reactor. The selected working gas mixture is 13 mBar 3He + 20 mBar CO2 + 1060 mBar Ar. The detector has been successfully tested and it is currently being used at the UCN spectrometer at ILL.

Primary author

Dr Dmitriy ILYIN (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), St. Petersburg State University)

Co-authors

Dr Anatoli Krivshich (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)) Dr Anatoly Serebrov (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)) Mr Anatoly Vasiliev (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)) Mr Evgeniy Ivanov (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)) Mr Vladimir Andreev (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI))

Presentation materials