Feb 15 – 19, 2016
Vienna University of Technology
Europe/Vienna timezone

A Novel Technique for the Measurement of the Avalanche Fluctuation of Gaseous Detectors

Feb 17, 2016, 9:50 AM
EI9 (Vienna University of Technology)


Vienna University of Technology

Gusshausstraße 27-29, 1040 Wien
Talk Gaseous Detectors Gas Detectors


Dr Makoto Kobayashi (KEK, IPNS)


Gas amplification of the electrons created by X-rays, UV photons, or charged particles plays an essential role in their detection with gaseous detectors. It acts as a “preamplifier” with a sufficient gain. However, its gain fluctuates because of avalanche statistics, thereby degrading the energy resolution for monochromatic X-rays. For large Time Projection Chambers (TPCs) the azimuthal spatial resolution at long drift distances is limited by the relative variance of the gas gain for single drift electrons. Conventionally, avalanche fluctuations are estimated from the gas-amplified charge spectrum for single electrons created by a UV lamp or a laser. We have developed a novel technique for the measurement of the relative variance of avalanche fluctuation (*f*) using laser-induced tracks, exploiting the fixed cluster size of one for each ionization act along the tracks. The primary electrons are multiplied by a gas amplification device, and then collected by several readout pad rows arranged along the laser beam. The signal charges on adjacent pad rows are compared for each laser shot. The value of *f* is estimated from the width of the distribution of their differences using a straightforward relation. The technique is relatively simple and requires a short data-taking time of several tens of minutes. We present the experimental setup as well as the measurement principle, and the results obtained with a stack of Gas Electron Multipliers (GEMs) for several gas mixtures.

Primary author

Dr Makoto Kobayashi (KEK, IPNS)


Dr Akira Sugiyama (Saga University) Dr Junping Tian (KEK, IPNS) Dr Katsumasa Ikematsu (Saga University) Dr Keisuke Fujii (KEK, IPNS) Dr Ronald Settles (MPI, Munich) Dr Ryo Yonamine (Université Libre de Bruxelles) Mr Shin-ichi Kawada (Hiroshima University) Dr Takahiro Fusayasu (Saga University) Dr Takashi Watanabe (Kogakuin University) Dr Takeshi Matsuda (KEK, IPNS) Dr Tohru Takahashi (Hiroshima University) Mr Tomohiko Kawaguchi (Hiroshima University) Mr Tomohisa Ogawa (Graduate University for Advanced Studies, KEK) Dr Yukihiro Kato (Kinki University)

Presentation materials