Sep 3 – 8, 2017
The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
Europe/London timezone

Hybrid pixel detector developments for Synchrotrons and Free Electron Lasers at the Paul Scherrer Institut

Sep 4, 2017, 2:10 PM
Berill Lecture Theatre (OU)

Berill Lecture Theatre (OU)

The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA


Dr Gemma Tinti (Paul Scherrer Institute)


The X-ray detector group at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland, has a long history in hybrid detector developments for use at the Swiss Light Source (SLS) and other synchrotrons worldwide. One of the developments for synchrotrons is the EIGER single photon counting detector, which is characterized by 75$\times$75~$\mu$m$^2$ pixels and a frame rate as high as 23~(6)~kHz for a 4~(12) bit counter. Detector systems ranging from 0.5 to 9~Mpixels are being integrated into beamline operations. Some experimental results and challenges for large area detector operations will be presented. EIGER has also proved to be a competitive detector for electrons with energy ranging from 8$-$20~keV in photo-emission electron microscopes and from 100$-$300~keV in transition electron microscopes. Measurements will be presented.

The construction of the Swiss Free Electron Laser (Swiss-FEL) at PSI and other FELs worldwide has shifted developments towards charge integrating detectors, which are able to sustain a high number of photons in pulses with length of order of tenth of fs. The versatile JUNGFRAU detector has 75$\times$75~$\mu$m$^2$ pixels, like EIGER. It is characterized by single photon resolution and high dynamic range. These characteristics can be simultaneously achieved through a dynamic gain switching mechanism. Details on the detector concept and results on the characterization will be shown. Although JUNGFRAU has been designed for FEL applications at photon energies in the 2$-$20 keV range, a frame rate as high as 2~kHz enables the use of the JUNGFRAU detector also at synchrotron sources like the SLS. The use of charge integrating systems for synchrotron applications will allow to sustain higher incoming photon rates per pixel, which have to be limited when single photon counting systems are used. Pros and cons of the use of both technologies at synchrotrons will be presented.

Finally, the M\"{O}NCH charge integrating detector, characterized by small pixels of $25 \times 25$~$\mu$m$^2$, will be shown. This research project is meant to investigate perspectives for hybrid detectors with high spatial resolution thanks to the small pixel size and low noise, which allows to detect soft X-rays at synchrotrons and FELs. Moreover, by exploiting the charge sharing effect, the sub-pixel spatial resolution is achieved and opens possibilities for high resolution imaging at synchrotrons and with X-ray tubes.

Primary authors

Dr Gemma Tinti (Paul Scherrer Institute) Anna Bergamaschi (PSI) Martin Brückner (Paul Scherrer Institut) Roberto Dinapoli (Paul Scherrer Institut) Dominic Greiffenberg (PSI - Paul Scherrer Institute) Dr Erik Froejdh (PSI) Aldo Mozzanica (PSI - Paul Scherrer Institut) Dr Davide Mezza (PSI) Marco Ramilli (Paul Scherrer Institut) Dr Sophie Redford (psi) Dr Xintian Shi (Paul Scherrer Institute) Dr Jiaguo Zhang Dr Marie Ruat (PSI - Paul Scherrer Institut) Bernd Schmitt (Paul Scherrer Institut) Ms Marie Andrae (Paul Scherrer Institut) Carlos Lopez Cuenca (PSI)

Presentation materials