May 13 – 19, 2018
Venice, Italy
Europe/Zurich timezone
The organisers warmly thank all participants for such a lively QM2018! See you in China in 2019!

Re-examining the premise of isobaric collisions and a novel method to measure the chiral magnetic effect

May 16, 2018, 9:20 AM
Sala Mosaici-2, 3rd Floor (Palazzo del Casinò)

Sala Mosaici-2, 3rd Floor

Palazzo del Casinò

Parallel Talk Chirality, vorticity and polarisation effects Chirality, vorticity and polarisation effects


Dr Haojie Xu (Huzhou University)


Due to the topology of QCD vacuum, a strong magnetic field can lead to an electric current, or charge separation in heavy ion collisions, a phenomenon called chiral magnetic effect (CME). Finite azimuthal correlator ($\Delta\gamma$) signals have been measured in experiments, consistent with the CME, but contaminated by a major elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) induced background. The isobaric $_{44}^{96}$Ru+$_{44}^{96}$Ru and $_{40}^{96}$Zr+$_{40}^{96}$Zr collisions have been proposed and planned at RHIC in 2018 to search for the CME with their expected 15% signal difference and almost identical backgrounds. In this talk we will show, however, that these expectations may not hold as originally anticipated due to large uncertainties in the isobaric nuclear structures [1]. We demonstrate this using Woods-Saxon densities and the proton and neutron densities calculated by the density functional theory and the nuclear shell model. Furthermore, a novel method is proposed to gauge background and possible CME contributions in the same system, intrinsically better than the isobaric collisions of two different systems [2]. The new method is based on the opposite behaviors in the fluctuations of the magnetic field and $v_{2}$ in a single nucleus-nucleus collision, thus bears minimal theoretical and experimental uncertainties. We illustrate the method with Monte Carlo Glauber and AMPT (A Multi-Phase Transport) simulations.

[1]. Hao-jie Xu, Xiaobao Wang, Hanlin Li, Jie Zhao, B. Alex Brown, Zi-Wei Lin, Caiwan Shen, and Fuqiang Wang, Importance of isobar density distributions on the chiral magnetic effect search, arXiv:1710.03086.
[2]. Hao-jie Xu, Jie Zhao, Xiaobao Wang, Hanlin Li, Zi-Wei Lin, Caiwan Shen, and Fuqiang Wang, Varying the chiral magnetic effect relative to flow in a single nucleus-nucleus collision, arXiv:1710.07265.

Content type Theory
Centralised submission by Collaboration Presenter name already specified

Primary authors

Dr Haojie Xu (Huzhou University) Fuqiang Wang (Purdue University (US))

Presentation materials