The ECFA Detector Panel is a European Committee composed of detector physicists from a variety of experimental communities in particle and astro-particle physics. Its primary role is to review early stage detector R&D for programmes in these areas that are not yet linked to a host or leading laboratory with its own established review mechanisms. The role and composition of the panel make it well placed to provide an input on behalf of the European detector community for the ongoing update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics. To this end, a survey of this community was launched over the summer of 2018, with over 700 respondents representing 2900 FTEs at a variety of career stages in 37 countries. Perceptions of opportunities and challenges were investigated, along with attitudes to detector R&D activities within the wider community and associated issues with career opportunities. The survey was also able to identify the main areas of current detector R&D for particle and astro-particle physics in Europe as well as the community’s views on the most promising future directions. This report outlines the main findings and the recommendations of the panel based on both the numerical data and the large number of highly informative comments provided by many of the respondents.