The diverse community of scientists involved in Deep Inelastic Scattering includes about 2000 experi- mental and theoretical physicists worldwide and envisages projects such as the EIC, LHeC, FCC-eh and VHEeP as future lepton-hadron scattering facilities. The proposed facilities will address fundamental ques- tions in strong interaction / QCD physics, including a first-ever tomographic mapping of the hadrons’ internal structure, a solution to the proton mass and spin problems, understanding of the high-energy structure of hadronic matter and insight into connections between gravity and the strong interactions. They also extend and enhance the CERN programme of searches for new physics at the energy frontier, through a standalone precision Higgs and top programme, considerable sensitivity to the direct production of new particles and the most precise determinations of proton and nuclear structure in the kinematic range that is relevant to the LHC. In particular, we highlight the complementary aspects of the different lepton-hadron projects, and underscore how all are required to provide a complete characterization of the physics across the full kinematic reach. This review of the proposed facilities and their vast potential for particle physics was inspired by the discussions in the 2018 “DIS and Related Subjects” Workshop.