OnlineLectures

ASP Online Seminars: ON THE TUNNELLING OF WAVE-MATTER NEUTRON WAVEPACKETS, NEUTRON TRAPPING & NEUTRON LIFETIME

by Prof. Malik Maaza (iThemba LABS & UNISA)

Africa/Abidjan
Description

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https://cern.zoom.us/j/95193567359?pwd=TzdPQWsyWXlSTy9RNXFoa1FhL2xqQT09

Meeting ID: 951 9356 7359

Prof. Malik Maaza

Affiliations:

1) Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province, South Africa
2) UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences-Nanotechnology, PO Box 392, Muchleuneuck, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria-South Africa

Abstract

•Neutrons are singular in that they are sensitive to the 4 basic interactions: strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational which makes neutron wave-matter optics a particularly versatile tool for testing fundamental physics concepts in general & Quantum Mechanics specifically.

•While the existence of the neutron was postulated in 1920 [1] and confirmed by Chadwick in 1932 [2], its decay & hence its lifetime is pivotal to cosmology & the Standard Model itself. The recent theoretical predictions by physicists Berezhiani and Nesti from the University of l'Aquila, having reanalysed the experimental data obtained by Anatoly Serebrov at the Institut Laue-Langevin [3], showed that the loss rate of very slow free neutrons appeared to depend on the direction and strength of the magnetic field applied. This anomaly could not be explained by standard physics [4]. Berezhiani & Nesti suggest that it could be interpreted in the light of a hypothetical parallel world consisting of mirror particles. Each neutron would have the ability to transit into its invisible mirror twin, and back, oscillating from one world to the other. The probability of such a transition was predicted to be sensitive to the presence of magnetic fields, and could therefore be detected experimentally.

•In line with the recent trends in the investigations of Cold neutrons lifetime by trapping them in neutrons bottle-like traps, Thermal neutrons can be efficiently trapped in nanostructured Fabry-Pérot optical resonators. Correlated to the quantum mechanics wave-particle duality, the optical analogy between electromagnetic waves and cold neutrons manifests itself through several interference phenomena particularly the so called Frustrated Total Reflection i.e., the tunneling process in Fabry-Pérot nano-structured cavities. Prominent resonant situations offered by this configuration allow the attainment of numerous fundamental investigations and surface interface studies as well as to devise new kinds of neutron optics devices. This contribution reports on such possibilities in addition to the recently observed peculiar Goos–Hänshen longitudinal shift of neutron wave-particles which was predicted by Sir Isaac Newton as early as 1730. Likewise, these nanostructured Fabry-Pérot resonators
allow the effective trapping of thermal neutrons, their lifetime within the cavity has been estimated via the Heinsenberg uncertainly principle both in unpolarized & polarized configurations [5-7].

[1] E. Rutherford. Nuclear constitution of atoms, Proc.Roy.Soc., 97(686):374–400, 1920.
[2] J. Chadwick. Possible existence of a neutron, Nature, 129:312, 1932.
[3] A. Serebrov et al., UCN anomalous losses and the UCN capture cross-section on material defects.Phys. Lett. A335, 327 (2005)
[4] Z. Berezhiani, F. Nesti, Magnetic anomaly in UCN trapping: signal for neutron oscillations to parallel world? (2012), European Physical Journal C 72: 1974,
[5] M. Maaza, B. Pardo, J.P. Chauvineau, A. Raynal, F. Bridou, A. Menelle, Neutron tunneling and neutron lifetime in a Ni-V-Ni Fabry-Perot thin film resonator, Phys. Lett. A 223 (1996) 145.
[6] M. Maaza, B. pardo, J.P. Chauvineau, F. Bridou, A. Menelle, Zeeman neutron tunneling in “Ni-Co-Ni thin film resonators, Phys. Lett. A 235 (1997) 19.
[7] M. Maaza, D. Hamidi, Nano-structured Fabry–Perot resonators in neutron optics & tunneling of neutron wave-particles, Physics Reports 514 (2012) 177–198

 

Organized by

IOC
Prof. Malik Maaza

Participants
  • ABAKWAM KENNEDY
  • ADAM MOHAMMED
  • Adriano Pamain
  • Ahmed Abdelhady
  • Ahmed Ayad
  • Akorede Kalejaiye
  • Albert Djomegni
  • Amani Ebrahim
  • Anna-Mia Swart
  • Annel Brand
  • Ansh Patel Patel
  • Asmaa Aboulhorma
  • Aulan Lucrèce ZAHOUNDO
  • Awadallah Mekki
  • Babou DIOP
  • Badr-eddine Ngair
  • Benise Niyikiza
  • BOUBAKARI MAIMOUNATOU
  • Bouibiss Marouane
  • Charles Ndegwa
  • Christine Darve
  • Christogonus Sunday
  • Derick Ogendi
  • Dieudonné NGA ONGODO
  • Doomnull Attah Unwuchola
  • Eslam Zenhom
  • Esmeralda Yitamben
  • Esossolim Cyrille Haliya
  • Esra Khaleel
  • Eucharia Okoro
  • fabien ebode onyie
  • Faisal Sayed
  • Flavio Odoi-Yorke
  • Fulgence Payot AKPONI
  • GAEDZE KUDJO HERMAN AKAGLA
  • George Gitau
  • George Zimba
  • Hadhemi Nfissi
  • Hamza Abouabid
  • Ian Kaniu
  • Ibrahim Muhammad
  • Ibrahima DIAW
  • Jamal Al Zain
  • James Ogachi
  • JEAN D'AMOUR KAMANZI
  • Jesutofunmi Fajemisin
  • Jonah Nagura
  • Jordan Pearson
  • Joshua Lartey
  • JULIUS KIILU
  • Justina Achuka
  • KAYODE DADA
  • Ken Odongo
  • Kepnang Pebeu Maxime Fabrice
  • KHADIJA EL ANOUZ
  • Kikunga Ivan
  • Kondwani Mwale
  • Kossi Kety
  • Lukas Kretschmann
  • Léonie DAGOUDO
  • Maha Hsouna
  • Mahjoub Ismail
  • Mai Bilkheet
  • Melany Aguilar
  • Meriem Djouala
  • Mesfin Asfaw Afrassa
  • Mesfin Asfaw Afrassa
  • MICHAEL OYELAKIN
  • Mohamed Amine Ouahid
  • Mohamed Saleck Heyine
  • Mohamed Zaazoua
  • Mohammed Abdelrazek
  • Mohammed Hashim Albashir Mohammed
  • Mounia Laassiri
  • Mourad HIDAOUI
  • Neo Namane
  • Nihal Brahimi
  • Ninon Raïssa AMOUSSOU
  • Njeri Mburu
  • Nour Kemicha
  • Noura Nassar
  • Ny Ando RALITERA
  • Ny Toky Rakotoarisoa
  • Opere Peter
  • Oumaima Ed-Dimny
  • Pierre Celestin Uwitonze
  • Rado Fanantenana RAZAKAMIANDRA
  • Roaa Omer
  • Rosmaelle Kouemo
  • SAHEED OYENIRAN
  • Sammy Otiende
  • Sanae Ezzarqtouni
  • Sofia FARRES
  • SOPHIE DIANE NTYAM EVINA
  • Soumaya Manai
  • Souwedou Silla DJIBRIL DRAMANE
  • Stacyann Nelson
  • Stephanie Chinenye Okosa
  • STEPHEN NYARANGA
  • Steve Guy Muanza
  • Temitope Adenuga
  • Toivo Samuel Mabote
  • Uli Raich
  • Veronica Njaramba
  • Vinna Hallowe
  • Yassine El Ghazali