### Conveners

#### ML-Assisted Measurements and Searches

- Vinicius Massami Mikuni (Universitaet Zuerich (CH))
- Matthew Schwartz

Invertible Neural Networks (INNs) are an extremely versatile class of generative models. Their invertibility allows for exact modelling of proability densities, computation of information-theoretic quanities, interpretable and disentangled features, among other things. Due to these properties, INNs have seen growing adoption in recent years, especially in natural sciences and engineering...

As the use of Machine Learning techniques become more widespread within High Energy Physics it is important to consider how the results from Neural Networks can be applied within hypothesis testing. We show how a Log-Likelihood Ratio test can be performed using the the output of Neural Network classifiers trained on different physical datasets to yield a detection significance between two...

We present the machine learning methodology that is the backbone of the new release of the NNPDF family of parton distribution functions. The new methodology introduces state of the art machine learning techniques such as stochastic gradient descent for neural network training which results in a major reduction in computational costs, and an automated optimization of the hyperparameters which...

A central challenge in jet physics is that the evolution of the jet is an unobserved, latent process. In a semi-classical parton shower, this corresponds to a sequence of 1-to-2 splittings that form a tree-like showering history. Framing jet physics in probabilistic terms is attractive as it provides a principled framework to think about tasks as diverse as clustering, classification, parton...

Tuning parton shower models to data is an important task for HEP experiments. We are performing exploratory research for what tuning the parton shower might look like if the parton shower were described by a generative model with a tractable likelihood, which might be implemented with a hybrid of theoretically-motivated components or generic neural network components. For this work we consider...

We study unbinned multivariate analysis techniques, based on Statistical Learning, for indirect new physics searches at the LHC in the Effective Field Theory framework. We focus in particular on high-energy ZW production with fully leptonic decays, modeled at different degrees of refinement up to NLO in QCD. We show that a considerable gain in sensitivity is possible compared with current...

QCD splittings are among the most fundamental theory concepts at the LHC. In this talk, I will show how they can be studied systematically with the help of invertible neural networks. These networks work with sub-jet information to extract fundamental parameters from jet samples. Our approach expands the LEP measurements of QCD Casimirs to a systematic test of QCD properties based on low-level...

Recently, jet measurements in DIS events close to Born kinematics have been proposed as a new probe to study transverse-momentum-dependent (TMD) PDFs, TMD fragmentation functions, and TMD evolution. We report measurements of lepton-jet momentum imbalance and hadron-in-jet correlations in high-$Q^2$ DIS events collected with the H1 detector at HERA. The jets are reconstructed with the kT...

Measurements at colliders are often done by fitting data to simulations, which depend on many physical and unphysical parameters. One example is the top-quark mass, where parameters in simulation must be profiled when fitting the top-quark mass parameter. In particular, the dependence of top-quark mass fits on simulation parameters contributes to the error in the best measurements of the...