How trying to solve a straightforward problem - sharing computer data at CERN in the 1980’s - involved us unexpectedly with economic, political and social issues. A study of disruption at CERN and beyond.
After the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) began in 1969, leading to the TCP/IP protocol development in the USA, a period of intense network competition began between continents and companies. It lasted for more than a decade and affected many protocols and applications. A number of EU-funded projects were born and have kept re-incarnating until today. How was email done in the early 1990’s? When could we send photos by email for the first time? What was the first decade of the World Wide Web like? How did HEP move from mainframes to distributed computing? Which manufacturers have since dominated the landscape in the process towards today’s computing cloud? In this series, we shall try to answer such questions, with contributions by some of the makers and leaders of this technology.
Ben earned his BSc at Imperial College and his PhD at Stanford before coming to CERN in 1971 to work on computer networking. He coordinated the 1980’s introduction of Internet protocols at CERN and taught them internationally from 1986. He participated in CERN’s major distributed computing efforts from the 1990’s, leading to the replacement of mainframes by clusters, and then to the Grid and cloud computing. Ben is an honorary CERN member and an active advocate of volunteer computing and citizen science.
Maria Dimou / 141 Participants on Zoom and 53 on Webcast