After the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) began in 1969, leading to the TCP/IP protocol development in the USA, a period of intense network competition began between continents and companies. It lasted for more than a decade and affected many protocols and applications. A number of EU-funded projects were born and have kept re-incarnating until today. How was email done in the early 1990’s? When could we send photos by email for the first time? What was the first decade of the World Wide Web like? How did HEP move from mainframes to distributed computing? Which manufacturers have since dominated the landscape in the process towards today’s computing cloud? In this series, we shall try to answer such questions, with contributions by some of the makers and leaders of this technology.