12-18 August 2012
US/Eastern timezone

If you have any questions about the details of the program please contact Bolek Wyslouch

Thermal meson properties and chiral symmetry: recent advances.

16 Aug 2012, 16:00
Regency 1/3 and Ambassador ()

Regency 1/3 and Ambassador

Poster QCD at finite temperature and density Poster Session Reception


Prof. Angel Gomez Nicola (Universidad Complutense Madrid)


I will review recent and ongoing work on thermal meson properties relevant for the hadron gas regime in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions. These include transport coefficients, chemical nonequilibrium, susceptibilities, isospin breaking and different aspects on chiral symmetry restoration and the QCD transition. The basic framework is the use of Chiral Effective Lagrangians which ensure the model independency of the low-energy and low-temperature regimes and allows to include interactions consistently. This is combined with unitarity when an accurate analytical description of particle scattering is needed, as in the case of resonance studies, virial analysis and  transport coefficients, for temperatures and energies where deviations from Chiral Perturbation Theory are significant. Our scheme provides an adequate phenomenological description for several quantities. The shear viscosity is compatible with the KSS bound and recent data on elliptic flow, bulk viscosity correlation with the trace anomaly is established without appealing to the spectral function profile and the electrical conductivity is consistent with the low-energy photon spectrum. At the same time, this framework helps to understand theoretical aspects such as the role of scalar resonances and degeneration of partners in chiral restoration or the effects of meson interactions in a possible window between chemical and thermal freeze-out. We will pay also attention to the connection with lattice results, particularly in the analysis of connected and disconnected scalar susceptibilities, whose quark mass and temperature behaviour we can establish rigorously from our isospin-breaking analysis, providing then a useful benchmark for the continuum limit. Some related references: - D.Fernandez-Fraile and A.Gomez Nicola, ``The Electrical conductivity of a pion gas'', Phys.Rev. D {\bf 73}, 045025 (2006) [arXiv:hep-ph/0512283]. - D.Fernandez-Fraile, A.Gomez Nicola and E.T.Herruzo, ``Pion scattering poles and chiral symmetry restoration'', Phys.Rev. D {\bf 76}, 085020 (2007) [arXiv:0707.1424 [hep-ph]]. - D.Fernandez-Fraile and A.Gomez Nicola, ``Transport coefficients and resonances for a meson gas in Chiral Perturbation Theory'', Eur.Phys.J. C {\bf 62}, 37 (2009) [arXiv:0902.4829 [hep-ph]]. - D.Fernandez-Fraile and A.Gomez Nicola, ``Bulk viscosity and the conformal anomaly in the pion gas'', Phys.Rev.Lett. {\bf 102}, 121601 (2009) [arXiv:0809.4663 [hep-ph]]. - D.Fernandez-Fraile and A.Gomez Nicola, ``Chemical nonequilibrium for interacting bosons: applications to the pion gas'', Phys.Rev. D {\bf 80}, 056003 (2009) [arXiv:0903.0982 [hep-ph]]. - A.Gomez Nicola and R.Torres Andres, ``Isospin Breaking and chiral symmetry restoration'', Phys.Rev. D {\bf 83}, 076005 (2011) [arXiv:1101.5362 [hep-ph]].

Primary author

Prof. Angel Gomez Nicola (Universidad Complutense Madrid)


Dr Daniel Fernandez-Fraile (Frankfurt University) Mr Ricardo Torres Andres (Universidad Complutense Madrid)

Presentation Materials