June 28, 2015 to July 2, 2015
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort
Etc/GMT-7 timezone

An hybride liquid nitrogen system for the cooling of focal plane detector

Not scheduled
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort

JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort

Tucson, Arizona USA
Poster Presentation CEC-12 - Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Cryogen Properties


Jean Louis Lizon (ESO)


For the optimal trade-off between dark current, sensitivity, and cosmetics, these detectors need to be operated at a temperature of about 155 K. The detectors mosaic with a total area of 630 cm2 directly facing the Dewar entrance window, is exposed to a considerable radiation heat load. This can only be achieved with a very performing cooling system. After a short explanation of the LN2 solution versus mechanical cryo-coolers, the paper describes the cooling system, which is build such that it makes the most efficient use of the cooling power of the liquid nitrogen. This is obtained by forcing the nitrogen through a series of well designed and strategically distributed heat exchangers. The paper address also the specific problem caused by the change of direction associated to the telescope pointing. In a conclusion we report about the performance of the system recorded during the laboratory system testing and the first months of operation at the telescope.

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