28 June 2015 to 2 July 2015
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort
Etc/GMT-7 timezone

Low-temperature thermal conductivity of highly porous copper

29 Jun 2015, 11:30
15m
Tucson Ballroom F ()

Tucson Ballroom F

Contributed Oral Presentation CEC-12 - Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Cryogen Properties C1OrB - Cryogenic Heat Transfer

Speaker

Gonçalo Tomás (LIBPhys, Physics Department, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Description

The development and characterization of new materials is of extreme importance in the design of cryogenic apparatus. Recently the Versarien company developed a technique capable of producing copper foam with controlled porosity and pore size. Such porous materials could be interesting for cryogenic heat exchangers as well as of special interest in some cryogenic devices for microgravity environments. For instance, in our Energy Storage Units [1, 2] for potential use in space applications, a porous ceramic is used to retain a cryogenic liquid (N$_2$, Ne, H$_2$, He) by capillarity. However, due to the ceramic’s low thermal conductivity, a high thermal gradient builds up for low filling ratios. A high thermal conductivity material like copper with small pore size and high porosity (up to 80%) would combine the same capillary effect with a good thermal homogeneity in this type of devices with the possibility of easy soldering. In the present work, a system was developed to measure the thermal conductivity of four Versarien samples of copper foam for a porosity between $50 \%$ and $80 \%$, within the range of temperatures $20$ – $260$ K, using a $2$ W @ $20$ K cryocooler. The coherence of our measurements is validated using a copper control sample and by electrical resistivity measurements at room temperature, by the estimation of the Lorenz number. With these measurements, the purity (Resistivity Residual Ratio) and the tortuosity were obtained for all samples. [1] J. Afonso et al., Cryogenics $51$ ($2011$) $621$-$629$. [2] P. Borges de Sousa et al. « $15$ K LIQUID HYDROGEN THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE UNIT FOR FUTURE ESA SCIENCE MISSIONS », this conference.

Primary author

Gonçalo Tomás (LIBPhys, Physics Department, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Co-authors

Anthony Cooper (Versarien) Daniel Martins (Active Space Technologies) Grégoire Bonfait (LIBPhys, Physics Department, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Presentation Materials

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