July 29, 2015 to August 6, 2015
World Forum
Europe/Amsterdam timezone

Filament Eruptions Outside of Active Regions as Sources of Large Solar Energetic Particle Events

Aug 3, 2015, 11:00 AM
Mississippi (World Forum)


World Forum

Churchillplein 10 2517 JW Den Haag The Netherlands
Oral contribution SH-EX Parallel SH 04 STEREO


Stephen Kahler (Air Force Research Laboratory)


Gradual solar energetic (E > 10 MeV) particle (SEP) events are produced in shocks driven by fast CMEs, which are nearly always spatially associated with ARs. Several cases of SEP events associated with CMEs originating in large filament eruptions (FEs) from outside ARs have previously been known, but four more such cases from solar cycles 23 and 24 have been described by Gopalswamy et al.(2015). The CMEs were fast (~ 1000 km s^(-1)), appeared as coronagraph halo CMEs, and were associated with interplanetary type II bursts over a wide wavelength range. On the basis of their observed weak post-eruption arcade X-ray flare enhancements, several more candidate large SEP events resulting from eruptions of filaments adjacent to but outside ARs were identified. Thus, large SEP events can arise not only from unobserved ARs behind the disk, but also from non-AR filament eruptions. SEP event forecasting, currently based on observations of front-side solar ARs and X-ray flares, therefore can not predict either kind of SEP event. For the two SEP events with STEREO observations we confirm that despite their good magnetic connections to Earth, the SEP longitudinal distributions are broad. Neither Ulysses SEP observations nor CMEs associated with shocks and type II bursts give any indication that high-latitude polar-crown filament eruptions may have produced SEP events.
Registration number following "ICRC2015-I/" 22
Collaboration -- not specified --

Primary author

Stephen Kahler (Air Force Research Laboratory)


Hong Xie (The Catholic University of America) Nat Gopalswamy (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) Neeharika Thakur (The Catholic University of America) Pertti Makela (The Catholic University of America) Sachiko Akiyama (The Catholic University of America) Seiji Yashiro (The Catholic University of America)

Presentation materials