July 29, 2015 to August 6, 2015
World Forum
Europe/Amsterdam timezone

Non-relativistic Perpendicular Shocks in Young Supernova Remnants

Aug 5, 2015, 11:15 AM
Yangtze 2 (World Forum)

Yangtze 2

World Forum

Churchillplein 10 2517 JW Den Haag The Netherlands
Oral contribution CR-TH Parallel CR20 TH accel


Martin Pohl (DESY)


For parameters that are applicable to the conditions at young supernova remnants, we present results of 2D3V particle-in-cell simulations of a non-relativistic plasma shock with a large-scale perpendicular magnetic field. We developed a new clean setup that uses the collision of two plasma slabs with different density and velocity, leading to the development of two distinctive shocks and a contact discontinuity without artificial transients that may limit the veracity of the simulation. The Alfvenic Mach number of both shocks is $M_\mathrm{A}\simeq 30$, whereas the sonic Mach numbers differ with values $M_\mathrm{s}\simeq 250$ and $M_\mathrm{s}\simeq 750$. Both the forward and the reverse shocks are mediated by a Weibel-like filamentation instability that produces mainly magnetic turbulence. We observe significant shock rippling and strong fluctuations in the turbulent shock structure, and also features of the shock self-reformation. Proton reflection at the shocks leads to shock-surfing acceleration that generates a moderate non-thermal tail in the particle spectra measured downstream, suggesting that few ions undergo more than one reflection cycle. Electrons are pre-accelerated in a layer of Buneman waves at the shock foot, but are very efficiently isotropized upon passage through the shock ramp, and hence their downstream spectrum is quasi-thermal with high temperature. We note that electrons and ions show the same transverse drift in the ramp region, which is commensurate with $\mathbf{E}x\mathbf{B}$ drift, but not the gradient drift that is usually invoked for shock drift acceleration. Thus, electrons loose energy by drifting. We discuss the impact of our findings on pre-acceleration of electrons at high-Mach-number perpendicular shocks and their injection into diffusive shock acceleration. First results of the studies of oblique quasi-perpendicular shocks will also be presented.
Collaboration -- not specified --
Registration number following "ICRC2015-I/" 82

Primary author


Artem Bohdan (IPN, PAS) Iman Rafighi (Universitaet Potsdam) Jacek Niemiec (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAS) Dr Ken-Ichi Nishikawa (MSFC, Huntsville) Oleh Kobzar (IPN, PAS) Volkmar Wieland (Universitaet Potsdam)

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