13-19 June 2015
University of Alberta
America/Edmonton timezone
Welcome to the 2015 CAP Congress! / Bienvenue au congrès de l'ACP 2015!

Collective modes and interacting Majorana fermions in topological superfluids

15 Jun 2015, 14:15
30m
NINT Taylor room (University of Alberta)

NINT Taylor room

University of Alberta

Invited Speaker / Conférencier invité Condensed Matter and Materials Physics / Physique de la matière condensée et matériaux (DCMMP-DPMCM) M1-1 Topological States of Matter (DCMMP) / États topologiques de la matière (DPMCM)

Speaker

Joseph Maciejko (University of Alberta)

Description

Topological phases of matter are characterized by the absence of low-energy bulk excitations and the presence of robust gapless surface states. A prime example is the three-dimensional (3D) topological band insulator, which exhibits a bulk insulating gap but supports gapless 2D Dirac fermions on its surface. This physics is ultimately a consequence of spin-orbit coupling, a single-particle effect within the reach of the band theory of solids. The phenomenology of topological superfluids (and superconductors, which are charged superfluids) is rather similar, with a bulk pairing gap and gapless 2D surface Majorana fermions. The standard theory of topological superfluids exploits this analogy and can be thought of as a band theory of Bogoliubov quasiparticles. In particular, this theory predicts that Majorana fermions should be noninteracting particles. Band insulators and superfluids are, however, fundamentally different: While the former exist in the absence of interparticle interactions, the latter are broken-symmetry states that owe their very existence to such interactions. In particular, unlike the static energy gap of a band insulator, the gap in a superfluid is due to a dynamical order parameter that is subject to both thermal and quantum fluctuations. In this talk, I will argue that order parameter fluctuations in a topological superfluid can induce effective interactions among surface Majorana fermions. Possible consequences of these interactions will be discussed.

Primary author

Joseph Maciejko (University of Alberta)

Presentation Materials